This specific movement arose in the USA in the 60s of the 20th century. After a while, it appeared in other countries, but by the end of the 70s it had practically disappeared. Fans of this trend were adolescents and "young adults" who criticized established rules, values and fought for peace.
Hippies carried the revolutionary spirit to the masses, promoted religions other than Christianity and Judaism. Another achievement is the advancement of the sexual revolution.
Psychedelic drugs were used to expand consciousness. They were in free sale, so there were no problems with their acquisition.
Rainbow Collection and Bully
This is one of the great traditions. Thousands of people climbed Table Mountain and meditated hand in hand. They decided to fight for peace not by strikes, but by silence. Such actions were repeated annually, they were called the "Rainbow Collection", as the rainbow was a symbol of happiness and balance.
VW Transporter appeared by chance. It was hastily assembled by workers to transport heavy loads between workshops. After it was improved and finalized. Auto, which has become a famous symbol of the hippie movement, is printed on T-shirts. Fans of this direction are happy to wear things with the image of a legend.
“Bully” is a car associated with “free love”, “children of flowers” and the “pacific” icon. They still romp around the world, painted in all the colors of the rainbow.
What do hippies look like?
This subculture, having significantly influenced modern reality and having generated many branches, has not disappeared to this day. Those wishing to join this youth movement, in addition to being romantics and creative personalities, should also know about the external attributes of hippie culture representatives:
- How do hippies dress? Jeans are their favorite clothes. These are usually trousers or a denim jacket. Uncertain color hoodies are also recognized and used. Clothing is given the appearance of “decay” with bright patches and scuffs. Hippies can wear a small leather handbag around their neck. Clothing is often decorated with embroidery, ornament, beads.
- Hippie hairstyles. An impossible task is to meet hippies with short hair. Long hair, parted and parted in a thin bandage, is the most common hairstyle. Men often grow a beard. It is closer to nature and gives some resemblance to Jesus Christ.
- Hippie Baubles. Homemade jewelry made from beads, leather or wood is preferred. Color "baubles" also carries a certain semantic load.
- What are the hippies listening to? Hippie music is rock and roll, rock, folk, blues and psychedelic.
60s Hippie Slogans Edit
- "Make love, not war" (“Make love, not fight!”.)
- “Off The Pig!” (“Pun” - the machine gun M60, an important attribute and symbol of the Vietnam War)
- “Give Peace A Chance” (song title by John Lennon)
- “Hell No, We Won’t Go!” (“Damn, we won’t leave!”)
- “All You Need Is Love!” (“All you need is love!”) (The Beatles song title)
Hippies' communes (communities) are the main form of their self-organization, where hippies can live their own way with the support of society and where neighbors tolerate them. Usually these are uninhabited and empty houses (unauthorized occupation, so-called squatter) in cities, or estates in forests far from civilization.
The most famous communes:
Currently, there are hippie communities in Ibiza, Goa, Bali, Morocco, etc. Communities of former hippies built on the principles of the commune have survived in the USA, where, in fact, the movement of flower children has experienced its true prosperity. The rest of the hippies turned to the more traditional practice of squats and parties at the hippovskoy flat or "rainbow club".
On the role of hallucinogens hippies hold two opinions Who? . According to both the first and second views, psychedelics contribute to the "expansion of consciousness", create conditions in which a person begins to realize the presence of a "soul" in himself. Disagreements exist only on the question of whether drug intoxication is a necessary and sufficient condition or only one of the possible means of “expanding consciousness” for gaining a “vision”.
According to the first interpretation, one who has not fully accepted and mastered the experience of psychedelic trips remains a stranger to "vision" and, therefore, is not able to recognize the truth of the hippie ideology. Then, from the same point of view, anyone who has resorted to psychedelics of necessity gains "vision" in its ideologically fixed form. The unsuccessful or catastrophic experience of hallucinations in such cases is explained by any circumstances: the “vision” was true, but the newcomer was unprepared for his correct understanding, or was too closely connected with the “ordinary world”, or was in an inappropriate environment that prevented the “right” the effects of psychedelics.
According to another, more common opinion, the use of psychedelics is not an ideological imperative: psychedelics are only one of the means that help to break the boundaries of habitual perception, but they themselves do not transform the personality: “Although “acid” has no value in itself, it makes you neither holy, nor kind, nor wise, but just intoxicated, it can be used in a worthy way. It can be an educational tool - with its help you can learn something". From this point of view, in addition to psychedelics, there are other ways to achieve “vision”: meditation, Eastern cults and, to some extent, “Western” religion. According to this interpretation, there is no guarantee what exactly a person will gain under the influence of hallucinogen: whether the “vision” that underlies the professed ideology, or “visions” that are completely incompatible with this ideology.
However, regardless of the difference of opinion described, some hippies believe that the reception of psychedelics is directly related to the ideological premises on which their movement is based.
If politics is understood as elections, meetings, voting and promotions, then hippies are initially apolitical. Living outside a “civilian” society, in a world based on love, friendship and mutual assistance, hippies prefer to change the world with their creativity, including social creativity.
In some ways, the idea of a revolution of consciousness continues the ideas of a backpack revolution of beatniks - instead of exhausting political debates and armed clashes, it is suggested to leave home and society in order to live among people who hold your convictions.
In the USA, Jerry Rubin, Abby Hoffman, and Paul Krassner were founded in 1967 by the Yippie movement (from the abbreviation YIP - English. Youth International Party - international youth party). Yippies were an explosive mixture of hippies and the new left, collaborated with the Black Panthers and staged thousands of marches and demonstrations. The most famous of their actions, which caused a stir in society, is considered to be the nomination of a candidate for the post of US president from his party. This candidate was a pig named Pigasus (Svintus).
Experience theatrical guerilla Abby Hoffman can be compared to the “March of Love” in Soviet Moscow, when Soviet hippies took to the street naked, but were detained by police. Soviet hippies were culturally associated with a dissident environment. Many were unhappy with the communist regime and its ideology, while others simply wanted to live outside the politicized system.
Representatives of the hippie subculture (colloquially - hippari, hippans, hippy) in the late 60s - 70s, it was easy to find in almost every major city of the USSR, on the so-called. "Hangouts" (or "hangouts"). For example, in Moscow - “Psychodrome No. 2”, “Frunze Garden” (Znamenka Street), “Cannon” (Pushkin Square), Arbat or “Gogol” (Gogolevsky Boulevard), in Leningrad - “Saigon” (coffee shop on Nevsky) , “Kazan” (the square in front of the Kazan Cathedral), in Kiev - St. Andrew’s descent, etc. A non-resident “people” who arrived in the city and went to the place of party in the evening could always count on making new friends and “acquaintance” there. accommodation, with any of your friends).
The Soviet (Russian) hippie culture formed its slang on the basis of English and argo. For example: "xivnik"(From" ksiva "- a document) a small bag for carrying this document),"hairatnik" (or "haratnik", From haer - hair), a ribbon on the forehead (according to legend - so that"did not tear off the roof”),“ Bauble ”(a bracelet made of threads, leather stripes or beads, is given“ as a keepsake ”or to friends, there is a symbol of baubles) and others.
A few examples of the words of hippy slang that have survived the time and have remained in active use today: "subscription", "girl", "people", "session", "track", "civil", "pioneer", "old", " flat "...
Here is a short example of a dialogue oversaturated with a hippy slice from around the end of the 80s:
People fit into the gerle. She says: — Only my troubles are the only one, but on the ground you find yourself conjuring, we will have to place two of us together on it.Just don’t sign me up for a fact, okay?
Maine (tired): — Years um bi. Well, how do you even sign up?
Gerla: — Well, already signed!
In addition to external attributes - "little baubles", the folk tradition of "troubles" also belongs to the hippie culture. Basically, these are songs, poems and "carts", funny stories from the life of the system. One of the traditionally hippy activities is “ask” (from the English ask - ask, ask), begging. Usually this is collecting money from passing fellow citizens. In the USSR, this was a dangerous and jurisdictional affair, but now street musicians are often called “askers” - they play not out of romantic convictions, but simply out of need. For such a "hippy" lifestyle, there was a special term - hippo, which means the external and internal state and behavior of a person with the appropriate attributes (also often during prolonged lack of money in life), and always an easy, relaxed attitude to such a state.
Appearing at the end of the “Khrushchev thaw,” the hippy subculture in the USSR (in general) was widespread among a very few young people. In the mass consciousness, the word “hippies” evoked associations rather negative - “hippies” were perceived as untidily dressed young man with long hair, a loafer, a binge and a drug addict, often apolitical and unprincipled, as opposed to the then cultivated image of “Soviet man”, “builder of communism” - neatly dressed and shortly trimmed, purposeful, with clear political views on the "party line." The existence of representatives of the “hippies” not only abroad, but also in the USSR, could be learned only from critical articles in the central press of the early 70s.
KGB officers conducted “preventive conversations” with active hippies.
On June 1, 1971, Moscow hippies organized a demonstration against the Vietnam War at the US Embassy. According to rumors, they were provocatively offered by KGB officers. But when about 150 young people gathered in the courtyard of the historical faculty of Moscow State University to go to the embassy, they were put on buses and taken to various police stations. Some were sentenced to short-term arrest on charges of "petty hooliganism," the rest were released. But then many of them were expelled from the institutes and drafted into the army, some were forcibly placed in psychiatric hospitals. These events are shown in the film "House of the Sun."
Currently, in Russia there are several creative hippie associations:
- Art group "Frisia" (the oldest in Moscow, artists).
- Creative association "Antilir" (Moscow).
- Association of Musicians "Time V" (Moscow).
- “Commune on Prague”, Moscow (engaged in a network hip house, aka fnb-hippie group Magic hat).
Hippies are part of the fnb-groups of Chelyabinsk, Vladivostok, St. Petersburg, Moscow, etc.
An essential element that keeps people connected within the subculture are also traditional hippie collections. One of the largest in Russia at present is the “Russian Rainbow”, which arose in the early 1990s based on the Rainbow Gathering tradition, which appeared in the late 60s and dates back to American hippies. Another example of a mass spontaneous meeting is a summer meeting of informals near Shipot Falls in Ukraine. The annual hippie meetings in Moscow on April 1 “on the Gogol” and on June 1 in Tsaritsyno Park also became traditional.
At present, parties on the streets do not have the same meaning as in the old days, and are rather a temporary refuge for very young hippies. In addition, they are greatly differentiated and diluted by representatives of other subcultures, including all kinds of ready, emo, bikers, etc. Now the life of the current state of the subculture is a circle of close friends, or “informal” cafes / clubs as a meeting place. Internet communities, in particular LiveJournal, are also of great importance (previously - fido conferences, in particular, the famous fidosha echo Hippy.Talks, visible in the Relcom hierarchy as fido7.hippy.talks). Such a transfer of hippie culture accents from street parties to the network brought to life the term cyber hippies.
The symbolism and culture of hippies served as the basis for many other domestic youth subcultures (the spoken languages of the Goths and rappers, for example, are creatively distorted hippy slang). Role-players wear baubles (sometimes with a “zakos” under “old hippies”), sometimes giving them something completely different than hippie traditions imply, meaning and value.
Hippie slang (eg "hiratnik") are used in separate role-playing games as separate terms source not specified 2602 days . Hairatnik in this context is a bandage, as a rule, monophonic, made from an improvised piece of fabric, which is worn with the aim of clearly indicating the status, less often the player’s affiliation. The most common form is a white hiratnik, denoting a dead or invisible character. source not specified 2444 days
In the hippie successor subcultures, the term “hippo». source not specified 2444 days
What is the difference between hippies?
Regardless of gender, everyone wore long hair. They were divided into a direct parting, and a special ribbon was tied around the head. Hands were decorated with "baubles" - home-made bracelets made of beads, wood or leather.
No matter how old people were, they wore huge stretched beaded sweaters and a denim bag. He hung himself on his neck, he was used to store money, documents.
The music they were listening to was a “cocktail” of blues, folk and psychedelic rock. The speech was filled with diminutive suffixes and words that were not in the literary language.
One of the main differences in this direction was the promotion of free love and soft drugs - this was their way of life. Hippies neglected material values, they did not want war and were pacifists.
How to become a hippie?
To get used to this culture, you need the right attitude. You can start by listening to music. Woodstock records are great, you can listen to Jimmy Hendrix, Joe Cocker or Country Joe and the Fish. Adherents of this trend are open to everything new, so listen to music that glorifies love, peace and friendship.
To understand how to become a hippie, you need to thoroughly study the distant time when this trend was just emerging. Find out what representatives of the subculture believed in, what their morality was. Watch the films Monterey Pop, Celebration at Big Sur. Read authors such as Tom Wolfe, Alan Ginsberg and others who know the essence of the hippie movement.
Adhere to ideals
The hippie subculture implies some rules: you cannot pollute the environment, you need to love, protect nature. Try to buy only environmentally friendly things and products that are recyclable.
Do not forget about such a thing as barter. Be a volunteer, help people disinterestedly.
Do not get hung up on things. All material things are secondary for adherents of this direction. You can dress in second hand, just pick up what fits this subculture.
The clothes should be comfortable and comfortable - this is the main thing. And if it is also bright, it’s generally excellent.
Choose those things that are sewn from natural materials. They especially appreciate hemp. Hemp clothes produce oxygen and fight environmental pollution. Native American-style items, rural shirts, flared jeans will do.
Many men grow beards, mustaches. Women prefer to go without a bra, do not use makeup.
Make the world a better place!
Advocate the world, be against wars, restrictions and tight boundaries. Support homosexuals and other minorities, treat everything liberally. Many adherents of this trend are convinced that any ban harms more than drug use.
Self-expression is another step towards success. Think about how you can surprise the public. Strive to look natural, cute and friendly.
Forget about hairdressers. Grow long hair - they will be a symbol of freedom. All care products should be based on natural ingredients. Very popular brand "Dr. Bronner’s. " You can also make soap yourself by adding the components you need.
In the 60s, many wore dreadlocks. If you do not know how to weave them yourself, you can turn to a specialist for help. This hairstyle does not require special care, it is convenient and practical.
Expand your consciousness
Almost all hippies in the 60s smoked marijuana or used another drug. Of course, it is unhealthy.
Therefore, it is worth emphasizing modernity and expanding consciousness in other ways:
- read spiritual books
- master yoga.
In order to become a hippie, it is not necessary to take drugs. For example, Frank Zappa, a famous representative of this subculture, found relaxation in dancing, music, meditation, light. Such activities are not harmful to health and help to know yourself better.
Adolescence - Time for Experiments
Many teenagers in a certain period of life seek themselves. They study different cultures and movements. Hippies attract them with their freedom and peaceful perception of life. The sexual revolution is particularly attractive. But what about those who are still in school and depend on their parents?
How to become a hippie in 12 years?
- It is better to start with the acquisition of proper furniture. Girls can dress up in blouses with ribbons, flared trousers, flying maxi skirts. Shirts, stretched sweaters and wide jeans are suitable for boys.
- If you still have short hair, do a “ragged” haircut with uneven bangs. You can use hair growth products, but only natural ones, based on plant components.
- Protect nature, animals, organize actions, promote your views. Feed homeless cats and dogs, become a volunteer in animal shelters. Protest against deforestation, have a conversation at school about the delights of outdoor recreation, and talk about the importance of the environment.
Adolescence is not a reason to give up the desire to become free. Break the rules, lead an active lifestyle. You need to be prepared to condemn others, but the main thing is to become a hippie in your soul.
Then you will find like-minded people and become truly free, no matter how old you are.