The image in the photo looks very different if you submit it not in the usual format, but in panoramic. You ask, what is a panorama? This is a wide-ranging image that helps you see more of the surroundings than it enters the camera lens. A good photographer makes sure that the viewer receives maximum pleasure by looking at his work. A landscape is best for creating a panorama. The main thing is to initially choose the right geometric parameters and take high-quality photos. Then you can begin to create a panorama. Let's discuss how to make a panorama in Photoshop.
For a more illustrative example, we will consider the process of how to make a panorama of images of nature in Photoshop. When making preliminary shots, it is important to take into account that there are no secondary objects, for example, people, cars, and so on. When photographing dawn or sunset, it is better if you mount the camera on a tripod. This will allow you to work out fine details and maintain the correct horizon line. Accurate photos are then easier to glue.
By setting the shutter self-timer with a delay of ten seconds, you can prevent unwanted camera vibration. If the pictures are not in RAW format, then you should set the camera to white balance. The image will turn out more high-quality and natural. We take at least three pictures of our chosen landscape. The more shots, the better. This will allow you to choose the most suitable images for gluing.
We take photos, each time turning the camera at a slight angle from the previous frame. You can even combine pictures in 360 degrees, pre-photographing the landscape around you, if the camera with a good wide-angle lens.
Panorama creation process
To create a panoramic image we use a photo editor. A photograph can be collected from any number of shots, but the circular panorama in Photoshop is made of five to seven frames. The main thing here is to understand the principle of work. If the photos turned out to be unequal in tone, sensitivity, sharpness, etc., this can be corrected in Photoshop.
Upload pictures to the editor. If the photos turned out to be different in exposure, the program itself will expose the picture in the desired sequence.
- Run the program.
- Go to the "File" - "Automation" - "Combine photos."
- In the open editor window, select the folder or individual photos from which a panorama will be created in Photoshop.
- Click the "add open files" button.
- Check all three items under the list of uploaded photos.
- After that, click OK. "Photoshop" processes the received images and forms an approximate gluing panorama.
- The preview will show the vertical lines of each fragment, and in a separate window, the layers are shown.
The number of frames affects the automatic panorama layout process. If in the settings a check mark is set on the "Auto" button, then we do not need to do anything, the program itself selects the exposure and corrects irregularities.
Now all visible joints need to be merged into one panorama. Click the button: "Layer" - "Merge Layers". We proceed to crop unnecessary image elements:
- Select the crop menu
- Point to the image alignment area and cut them off.
- Small areas can be painted over by applying: “Tools” - “Stamp”.
- Hold the Alt key, designate the shading area and click on it with the left mouse button.
So we learned how to glue the panorama in Photoshop. There is no particular difficulty in this, the program itself does everything for you.
Unlike other programs, Adobe Photoshop does a better job of stitching panoramic shots. Gluing panoramas in Photoshop is automatic, the user can not influence the process manually. Especially if you are a beginner photographer.
- After loading the photos into the program, you can open them by pressing the key combination Ctrl + O.
- If you use more than three pictures, you need to align them by opening: "Window" - "Align" - "Cascade".
- Assembling panoramas is best done on a new file. To do this, press Ctrl + N and drag the photos onto it.
- In order not to get confused with a large number of images, after dragging the photo into the new file, immediately close the source.
- Select all the layers the future panorama will consist of: hold Shift and click on the first and last photo.
- We start gluing the pictures: "Edit" - "Automatic layer alignment".
- Select mode: projection of stitching panorama.
- The fewer errors and deviations from the vertical will be in the original images, the better the panoramic photo will turn out.
If you rarely use photo editors, and still do not know how to make a panorama in Photoshop, for fun, you can try all the bonding modes that are offered by the program. See what happens.
We are finalizing the resulting image so that the joints of the layers are not so noticeable, especially if the exposure of the images is different. To do this, select the menu: "Edit" - "Automatic blending of layers."
Depending on the quality and subject matter of the source images and the tasks that the program will have to perform with them, we select the necessary parameters for how to make a panorama in Photoshop:
- Blending Images. Joins images at the most suitable for each other borders, in color. A mask with joints is applied on top. If the parameter is disabled, the mask is not created.
- Removing vignetting. Compensates the exposure with color, removing the dark corners of the photo.
- Geometric distortion correction. Aligns the distortion that appears in the fisheye lens photo.
If the program does not have a mixing function, all distortions will have to be edited independently.
If during the shooting no additional frames were taken on the sides, above and below the landscape, then the projection will definitely produce empty corners at the edges. In this case, you can either crop the image or retouch voids in parts taken from additional frames, inserting them from the panorama and lubricating the joints with the "Warp" function. It takes a little more time, but it's worth it.
Splicing panoramas in Photoshop
Firstly, we need the photos themselves. They are made in the usual way and in the usual camera. Only you need to twist a little around its axis. It is better if this procedure is done using a tripod. The smaller the vertical deviation, the less there will be errors when gluing. The main point in preparing photographs for creating a panorama is that the objects located on the borders of each picture should go “overlapping” to the neighboring one.
In Photoshop, all photos should be taken in the same size.
Then save to one folder.
So, all the photos are sized and placed in a separate folder. We begin gluing the panorama.
Stage 1: Gluing
- Go to the menu “File - Automation” and look for the item "Photomerge".
In the window that opens, leave the function activated "Auto" and click "Overview". Next, look for our folder and select all the files in it.
After pressing the button OK the selected files will appear in the program window as a list.
Preparation is complete, click OK and we are waiting for the completion of the gluing process of our panorama. Unfortunately, restrictions on the linear dimensions of the pictures will not allow you to show you the finished panorama in all its glory, but in a smaller version it looks like this:
Stage 2: Finishing
As we can see, in some places image gaps appeared. It is eliminated very simply.
- First you need to select all the layers in the palette (holding down the key CTRL) and merge them (right-click on any of the selected layers).
Then pinch CTRL and click on the thumbnail of the panorama layer. A highlight appears on the image.
Then we invert this selection with a keyboard shortcut CTRL + SHIFT + I and go to the menu "Selection - Modification - Expand".
Set the value to 10-15 pixels and click OK.
Next, press the key combination SHIFT + F5 and select the fill based on the content.
Push OK and remove the selection (CTRL + D).
Such compositions are best printed or viewed on monitors with higher resolution. Such a simple way to create panoramas is provided by our beloved Photoshop.
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Create a panorama. Technical and creative components
This article will be useful primarily for beginners. The first part will describe the basic principles of photographing and creating panoramic shots in Photoshop. In the second part, the theme of artistic processing of the image will be touched.
- Once in a place where, in your opinion, an excellent panorama can be shot, do not rush.
- Before you start shooting, take a look around.
- Choose the best position for photographing.
- Imagine a composition and try to convey it in photographs.
- Pictures are best taken with a tripod, but it’s okay if you take photos with your hands (unless of course it is a long exposure), the vertical frame offsets will be corrected in Photoshop.
We proceed to consider the example.
Pictures were taken near the village of Nizhny Krynka on the Canon PowerShot SX200is. This is a fairly simple compact, which does not even claim to be the level of semi-professional cameras. Nevertheless, the frames were not bad, and even a good panorama came out of them.
Here are the sources we will work with:
Briefly tell about the principle of panorama shooting. The most important rule - pictures should overlap each other by about 30%. Take a look at my source. Each subsequent frame overlaps the previous one, even a little more than 30%. This will make it possible to find common points in the pictures when gluing photos in the program later and to compare frames on them.
You can be creative in taking panoramas. This does not have to be a long horizontal photograph. The panorama can be made vertical. In my case, a horizontal panorama was taken, but the orientation of each frame is vertical. This made it possible to slightly expand the review up and down.
So, let's begin.
There are several ways to put together a panorama in Photoshop. One way is manually matching frames and two automatic methods (one fast, but fully automated, and the second step-by-step). Consider the last two ways, as collecting a panorama manually is an ungrateful and very long task.
This method is very simple. It is fully automated. Open File - Automation - Photomerge (File -> Automate-> Photomerge). In the window that opens, select the settings as in the screenshot and using the "Browse (AT) »Add pictures from which the panorama will be collected.
Click “OK” and automatic assembly begins. As you can see, Photoshop did everything himself. You just have to apply framing and post processing. This method is convenient and easy to use, but in order to understand all the processes that occur during the panorama assembly, we will consider a longer, step-by-step, semi-automatic method.
Let's digress a little from the main topic, and consider the settings used when combining pictures in a panorama:
- "Auto" in this mode, the program independently decides on which algorithm to connect the frames.
- "Perspective" The panorama is obtained with the effect of perspective. The center frame remains undistorted while the rest are stretched accordingly
- "Cylindrical "(Cylindrical) Great for wide panoramas. The effect of inscribing the panorama into the cylinder is created, followed by unfolding on the plane.
- "Spherical" (Spherical) mainly used for 360 degree panoramas. Simulates the fit of pictures into a sphere.
- "Collage" (Collage) This setting combines and proportionally enlarges or reduces pictures, but does not distort them.
- "Reposition" (Move only) creates the effect of photos laid out on a table. They are not distorted, but simply laid out next to each other based on the content.
- Blend Images Together Option automatically joins pictures, and change their colors for full compatibility among themselves.
- Correct Geometric Distortions Allows you to correct the distortions that appear when creating large panoramas.
-Vignette Removal Vignette Removal) - This is an option that removes shake from panoramas. Often when photographing objects move, and the docking of images makes this movement noticeable through the manifestation of ghostly halos.
Step by step method
Step 1. The easiest and fastest way to upload multiple images to the same workspace is to use the File - Scripts - Upload Files to Stack command. Using the "Browse" button, select the necessary files and click "OK"
Step 2 Next, immediately build a panorama. Select all the layers. To do this, click on the first tab of the layers, and with the Shift button held down, on the last layer (You can also mark all the necessary layers with the Ctrl button pressed). Select the move tool (V key) and open the "Automatic layer alignment" (see screenshot). In the projection settings, set “Auto”. If your panorama consists of a large number of frames, then after assembly, geometric distortions will appear. In order to get rid of them, it is necessary to tick off the “Geometric distortion” settings.
At the junction of the frames, color differences are clearly visible. Manually editing this problem can be very time consuming. Adobe took care of saving time and preserving our nerves, but more on that later. So, here is what our panorama looks like at the moment:
Step 3 Crop to get rid of the transparent areas and give the panorama the right shape. Select the “Frame” tool (hotkey “C”) and crop off all the excess.
Step 4 And here is that miracle tool that will save our nerves. Having selected all the layers, go to the Edit - Auto-Layering menu. Select the value "Panorama" and "Smooth transitions". Click OK.
That's all. Our panorama is ready. Now you can perform the reduction of layers and begin to correct the shortcomings and artistic processing.
Stage 2. The embodiment of creative design.
Having collected the panorama, I noticed that her composition leaves much to be desired. Take a closer look only. On the right, the reeds are in the foreground, and on the left they are removed. On the left there is also a bare tree, and on the right there is a clear sky and horizon, on which you can see the village. Not the best shot, but the idea came to my mind how to fix it.
A bare tree can symbolize emptiness and lifelessness. The right side of the panorama, on the contrary, is filled with life. This is evidenced by reeds in sunlight and green grass. My idea is to make the left side of the panorama black and white, and the right side leave color.
Let's get to work.
Step 1. Since our panorama is ready, we do not need separate layers. You can safely perform mixing if you have not already done so. We do this in the Layers - Reduce menu.
Step 2 Let's bring some beauty. The photo was sharp enough, but the sky is noisy. In order to get rid of the annoying defect, create a copy of the main layer (Ctrl + J) and apply the “Noise Reduction” filter. See the screenshot for the settings:
Step 3 Using the cloning brush, we remove some extra elements that fell into the frame. I remove the cable in the lower left corner and the plastic eggplant in the grass. The brush needs to work in replacement mode. This will create the right grass pattern with natural color transitions.
Step 4 We realize our idea with the transition from B / W to color. Add a new adjustment layer “Black and White”. Make grass and reeds brighter. To do this, increase the values for yellow and green. We look only at the left half, since we will then hide the right half with a mask.
Step 5 Now add a horizontal black and white gradient to the mask of the adjustment layer. To create a perfectly horizontal gradient, you need to create it with the Shift key held down.
Step 6 Slightly increase the contrast of the picture. Add another adjustment layer, but this time “Curves”. Figure curves do as in the screenshot:
Step 7 On this processing can be completed. I will add another decorative element - a frame with vignetting. Select the whole image (Ctrl + A) and create a new empty layer. Next, go to the Edit menu - Stroke. Settings: Width - 10 pixels., Color - black, Location - inside. Other parameters are by default. Click “OK” and see a black frame along the contour of the image. Press Ctrl + D to remove the selection, which is blinking obsessively, not allowing to concentrate on the image. Create a copy of the layer with the border and apply Gaussian Blur to it with a value of 120 pixels. The image has gained volume, but the vignetting effect is too strong. Reduce the opacity of the layer to 50%. The transparency of the second layer with the frame can also be changed up to 50%.
And here is the finished result:
That, in fact, is all. The work done is not at all complicated and may well be done by a beginner. The most important thing to learn from this lesson is that you need to clearly understand everything you want to get in the end, and learn how to implement your ideas. This will save time and achieve better results. And do not forget that a theory without practice costs nothing.