Useful Tips

Installing, configuring and overclocking RAM


To install in a laptop, the sequence of steps will be as follows:
1. Turn off the laptop by closing the lid, turn it upside down and lay it on the table.

2. Carefully inspect the laptop case and find places where, having unscrewed several screws, you can get to the inside of the laptop. For different models, the size of such “windows”, closed by covers, may differ, therefore, through the samples, find the window you need, opening which, you will see the same memory bar as the one you bought.

3. Carefully remove the old bar if you are replacing, or simply add a new one to the existing one if you are adding memory. Do not leave the old, idle memory module in its place, if there is a free slot nearby where you inserted a new memory bar, the computer will not turn on!

4. Close the RAM cover, remembering to screw the fault into place.

To install memory in the system unit, proceed as follows:
1. Disconnect all wires (keyboard, mouse, monitor, LAN, speakers, power cord, etc.), and remove the left side cover of the system unit. In order to remove the cover, you will need to unscrew a few screws, or loosen the latches.

2. By opening the left side cover, you will get access to the contents of your computer. On the motherboard, locate the memory modules that match yours and add a new memory bar, or replace the old one with a new one. As a rule, on the motherboard there are several slots where you can insert memory, however, if one of the old modules is out of order, in no case leave it on the board - the computer will not work!

3. Assemble everything in reverse order, and start the computer.

Combining different modules

The first question that arises when you want to increase the productivity and speed of RAM for users is whether it is possible to install memory modules of different production differing in frequency in a computer? When deciding how to install RAM in a computer, get better modules of the same production, with the same frequency.

Theoretically, if you install modules with different frequencies, the RAM works, but on the characteristics of the slowest module. Practice shows that often there are incompatibility problems: the PC does not turn on, OS crashes.

Therefore, with plans to install several slats, buy a set of 2 or 4 modules. In the same strips, the chips have the same overclocking parameters.

The usefulness of multi-channel mode

A modern computer supports multi-channel operation of RAM, 2 channels are minimally equipped. There are processor platforms with a three-channel mode, there are eight memory slots for a four-channel mode.

When you turn on the dual-channel mode, 5-10% of the processor’s productivity is added, and up to 50% for the graphics accelerator. Therefore, when assembling even an inexpensive gaming device, it is recommended that you install at least two memory modules.

If you connect two RAM modules, and the board installed in the computer has 4 DIMM slots, follow the installation sequence. To enable the two-channel mode, put the modules into the computer, alternating the board's connectors through one, that is, put in 1 and 3 or use the connectors 2 and 4. The second option is more convenient, because often the first slot for RAM is blocked by the processor cooler. If the radiators are low profile, this problem will not occur.

Putting two memory modules in the system unit, of course, makes sense, since immediately the performance

You can check whether the dual-channel mode is connected via the AIDA64 application. Go to the "Cache and memory test" item in it. The utility will also help you to calculate the RAM performance before overclocking, to observe how the memory has changed, its characteristics after the overclocking procedure.

Frequency, timing settings

To overclock RAM, you need to know how to configure RAM in BIOS. When you put RAM into the computer, the RAM will most likely work at the lowest possible frequency available in the processor technical parameters. The maximum frequency must be set, configured via the motherboard BIOS, you can manually; for acceleration, there is Intel XMP technology, supported by almost all boards, even AMD.

When you manually set 2400 MHz, the memory will function on standard timings for this frequency, which are 11-14-14-33. But HyperX Savage modules cope with stable operation at lower timings at a high frequency of 2400 MHz, this ratio (low timings with a high frequency) are a guarantee of high RAM performance.

A useful technology developed by Intel Corporation - Extreme Memory Profile - allows you to avoid manually putting down each timing; in two clicks, select the optimal profile from those prepared by the manufacturer.

In BIOS, in the Ai Tweaker tab, in the Ai Overclock Tuner option, there is the Auto tab, left-click on Auto and select X.M.P. in the menu that appears.

Memory overclocking

We said above that setting, even correctly, the RAM bar is not enough. Having turned on the two-channel, better four-channel mode, select the optimal frequency settings that are related to the timing. Remember, first of all, that no one will give you the guarantee of overclocking; But do not be afraid that the memory may fail when you disperse it: if it is pulled too high, it just will not start.

What to do if overclocking was unsuccessful? Usually motherboards are equipped with a function auto-rollback function, which is used when the computer does not start several times after overclocking. You can also reset the settings manually, for which use the Clear CMOS jumper (aka JBAT).

Using the Clearing CMOS jumper, you can clear the contents of the CMOS parameters, in particular, return the BIOS parameters to the factory default settings

The frequency is selected experimentally, they also set the supply voltage, timings. Of course, there is no guarantee that the selected ratio will be better than on the maximum XMP profile. Often, with maximum frequency acceleration, you have to increase the timings.

Be sure to test the result you have with the AIDA64 Cache & Memory Benchmark utility. Acceleration can lead to a drop in speed, becoming almost useless. Typically, low-frequency versions have higher potential than top-end versions.

Installing memory and its overclocking are simple processes, especially when RAM supports XMP profiles that are already ready. Remember that buying RAM on a computer is more practical as a kit to get a performance boost from dual-channel mode, not only from overclocking. We recommend that you purchase a low-profile RAM on your computer to avoid incompatibility when there is a large-sized processor cooler. Follow the tips, then you can overclock the maximum speed of the RAM.

Add extra RAM bar

The most convenient and easy way is to purchase an additional RAM module. If you chose this option, deciding not to bother with others, be prepared for the fact that you will have to "climb" into the system unit to install the module. But before that, several important criteria must be taken into account.

When buying, be sure to pay attention to:

  • To the manufacturer. To choose a module that not only adds as much RAM as you need, but also lasts a long time, you should first select the manufacturer. To do this, you can study the reviews or characteristics of the products of a brand.
  • On the amount of RAM. Everything is individual here. If a PC is used for study or work that is not related to computer activity, the volume of 2 - 4 GB is most often enough. For downloading a large number of programs, for working with photos and video files, for games this will not be enough. Here you need a module with a volume of 4 - 8 GB.
    Before buying RAM, study the characteristics of the motherboard, because each has a volume limit.
  • On the type of memory. This is another parameter that you need to know before buying an additional module. This can be done using the programs intended for this purpose, which are in the public domain. For example, Everest is convenient. Now the most popular is DDR4, but maybe you have DDR3 or DDR2.
    Another way to find out the type of RAM is to "climb" under the computer cover and see the inscription on the installed RAM.
  • To memory frequency. This is a parameter on which performance depends in many respects. He also needs to know to purchase additional RAM. As a rule, the frequency is on the installed RAM, therefore, along with the type of memory, you should also write it. You need to buy a module with the same frequency.
    If you decide to put two new RAM, that is, remove the old one, you need to find out what maximum frequency your computer will pull.

How to install an additional RAM bar in a computer

So, if an additional RAM module is purchased, you can proceed to install it. For this:

  • We disconnect from the system unit all connected external devices, and the unit itself - from the network.
  • Open the lid and find the connectors for RAM.
  • We release the selected connector for the new module from the latches and insert our device. The module must be inserted so that its cutout coincides with the protruding part of the connector. That is, he should not hang out. Make sure that the module is locked in the slot.
  • Now close the unit and reconnect external devices.
  • Turn on the computer and check if the new RAM module is working. You can do this in three different ways:
  1. Open the "Start" menu, click "Computer" and right-click open "Properties". All information about the computer will be displayed here, including how much memory it has. If the volume increased, then we did everything right, if not, most likely, the module is simply not fixed. In this case, you need to disconnect external devices from the system unit again, open it and check the module.
  2. Open the "Start" menu, select "Task Manager" and go to the "Performance" section. It should also display the amount of memory. If it became more, then everything is done correctly.

If you still didn’t manage to independently increase the RAM of your PC using the additional module, you should first make sure that the module itself is working and then contact a specialist for help in the installation.
The new module is quite expensive, especially for some PC models, so do not rush to buy it. Perhaps the problem will be solved by free methods.

Add RAM using a USB flash drive

This method has been used recently, but it has already become one of the most effective and simple. Adding memory in this way became possible thanks to the implementation of ReadyBoost technology in operating systems. It is designed to connect a USB flash drive to a PC and use its memory for work. But in order for everything to work out, you need a flash drive with the following characteristics:

  • volume between 1 and 32 GB,
  • Speed ​​not lower than 2.5 MB / s.

Using Readyboost technology, you can connect several additional memory devices to the computer at once, but the flash drive must be larger than the amount of PC RAM.

To add more memory to your computer using a USB flash drive:

  • We connect it to the computer and go to the menu.
  • We click on the connected device and click "Properties".
  • We find the item with the name "ReadyBoost" and click "provide this device for ReadyBoost technology."
  • Set the required volume and click "OK".

Now there will be more memory, and you can immediately use it.

Increase memory through a Windows swap file

During its operation, the computer uses the so-called virtual memory, which consists of random access memory (RAM) and the page file. Windows uses this file to store the information necessary for the programs to work, similarly to RAM. This method of working with files is of course slower than loading into RAM, but if there is a lack of the latter, this will help to unload it. The volume of such a file is determined automatically by the operating system, but you can increase it if you wish. This operation on Windows 7 looks like this:

  • Open the Start menu.
  • Click "Computer" and select "Properties".
  • A page appears with information about the computer. Here in the menu on the left side there will be a section “Advanced system parameters”. We open it.
  • In the window that appears, first click the "Advanced" button, and then "Options" in the "Performance" section.
  • A new window appears, where we select "Advanced" again, and then "Change" in the "Virtual memory" section.
  • Uncheck the box next to "Automatically select the size of the swap file" and select the disk.
  • We put a tick in front of “Specify size” and write the size larger than what was indicated.
  • Click OK

Now there will be as much memory as you indicated.

The operation of increasing memory using the swap file on Windows 8 and 10 is almost identical to Windows 7, but here you need to enter “Performance Settings” in the computer’s search bar, then click “Advanced”. Then everything is done exactly the same as on the "seven".

Using BIOS to increase PC memory

This method is not complicated, but you should not resort to it if you are not confident in your abilities.

So, to make more memory on the computer:

  • We go into the BIOS. On different models, this is done in different ways. The most commonly used buttons are F2 or Delete. If they do not fit, try to find information on the network, which button is used to enter the BIOS for your PC.
  • Find the item Video Ram or Shared Memory and click.
  • Now you need to reduce the number of cycles in RAM. To do this, find the item Dram Read Timing. Keep in mind that reducing cycles to a minimum will not affect PC performance in the best way, so try to choose the optimal bar.
  • We save the settings by pressing F10 and exit the BIOS.

If everything is done correctly, the PC memory will increase.

Thus, you can increase your PC’s RAM on your own, with several paid and free methods. Choose the one that suits you best and forget about the lack of memory for a long time.