Point guard, playmaker or first number (English Point guard, play maker) - the position of the player in the basketball team. Players of this role are characterized by absolutely free possession of the ball, high speed (some point guards can argue with professional athletes in this component), dexterity in the passage to the ring, many have good jumping ability and can score from above no worse than tall players. The average height is approximately 185-195 cm.
As the name implies, most point defenders are responsible for team interactions in the attack, drawing combinations. The first number is the dispatcher, the brain of the team that organizes and manages all team interactions, being an assistant coach, a conductor of his ideas. The point guard must be able to control the ball at ease, have a moving game thinking, have a vision of the court, predicting what is happening. The playmaker must know the strengths and weaknesses of the opposing team in order to skillfully use the advantages of his team. To possess the skills of accurate and unexpected transmissions at any distance, which is of great importance in organizing quick breaks and developing a positional attack.
In the early years, the function of the 1st number was exclusively to deliver the ball to the frontcourt and to play a combination at the beginning of the attack. In modern basketball, it is an advantage when the point guard can make an accurate throw from the middle and long range, make a pass to the basket when the game situation requires it. That is, to be able to fulfill the duties of an attacking defender - the so-called "hybrid defenders." A striking example of such a player is Allen Iverson, who, with his small basketball height (183 cm), began his career as a point guard, but in fact he always played as the second number.
The player of this role should work well with his legs, playing in defense. Always be ready to intercept the ball. As a rule, the quality and skill level of the point guard determines the style and tactics of the team. The ability to act with a minimum number of errors, confidently and reliably - the most necessary qualities of a player in this position.
John Stockton is considered one of the greatest point guard in the NBA, being the sole leader in the number of assists.
3 elements for a successful win
First, you must get the ball in a position from which you can attack the ring. Well, or your defender should think that you can. Everything is trite, but nevertheless, over and over again I am faced with the fact that most of them are either too lazy to spend energy on getting rid of guardianship and they ask the ball for a couple of meters from the three-point line, from where it is very difficult to threaten the ring. Or - they just do not know how to open.
So, your goal is to get the ball as a minimum - on the line of a three-point throw, as a maximum - already inside the arc. This movement will not work if you get the ball under the ring or at the border of the three-second zone.
The second stage is to stagger the defender 2-3 times, simulating a passage. You just make a few lunges to the side, and at this moment you need to concentrate on the legs of the defender: on which one is his weight. Which leg becomes his support during the execution of your false show on the aisle. Did you see?
The third point is the passage itself. If you know on which foot the defender stands, where his weight is concentrated at the time of your deceptive movements, then you should know the following: he will not be able to step with this foot. In any case, for this, the defender will have to transfer the weight to the other leg - and even if he is very fast, these fractions of a second will be enough for you to beat him.
Yes, not every time this technique will work out. Yes, you will not beat the defender with 100% probability. But using this trick you can buy time and create space. Another “trick” is to walk as close to his supporting leg as possible: even if he reacts very quickly, then he is likely to break the rules.
How to defend against such a technique?
No matter how interesting and promising the above technique looks, the defense against it exists and it is quite simple.
First way: close the attacker’s strong side from the passage, almost at an angle of 90 degrees to it. Either close your weak side (let the player in your strong side, or to the side where there is safety net). This is a budget way. You save energy, but still give the attacking player more freedom of action.
Second way lies in the hellish work of the legs. I will not talk for long, it’s better to look at the video, as Andre Igudala shows in the video for Nike:
So, quickly working with your feet you will not let the defender understand: where is your body weight. Of the minuses - an unprepared player after 2-3 such defenses will “sit down” very much and become slow in defense.
Third option - as close as possible to the player, even in the process of receiving the ball. Thus, the attacker will not have much time for reflection: on which foot is your weight concentrated, where would you roll, etc.
- The method described above is suitable for the measured pace of the game, more even for a streetball game in which there are no quick breaks and the probability of an effective 1-1 defeat is much greater.
- The method described above is not a panacea, but simply one of the ways to use the laws of physics and the insufficient experience of the defending player.
- This method is difficult to apply in its pure form if you are far from the ring (1-2 meters from the three-point line) or if the defender is very active.
- It is quite simple to defend against such a technique, the main thing is to understand that the opponent is going to use it (most often - he looks at your feet).
And this article is completed, I wish you successful training, success in both attacking and defensive actions, and I am waiting for you on the pages of this site.
P.S. Not all useful basketball training materials are published on the site. You can find additional information about training, ask a question or share your successes in our community on the social network Vkontakte: https://vk.com/uroki_basketbola
Attacking defender (born Shooting Guard), or second number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The circle of actions of this player includes two main responsibilities - completion of attacks and custody of dangerous opponents in the attack. An attacking defender is that player who must be able to attack and score points. Often the attacking defender is the team's best sniper, some of them can sometimes act as a point guard (combo guard) or light forward (swingman). The defense always seeks to stop the best snipers, therefore, having drawn the attention of the defense, the attacking defender can easily find by transferring a partner from whom there is a safety net. The defender’s ability to give a good pass is a serious quality that makes the player much more valuable and stronger. Players of this type are usually very fast, agile, with a high jump and height of approximately 193–201 cm. A good throw from an intermediate and long range and quick dribbling are mandatory for an attacking defender.
It should be noted that many basketball legends were attacking defenders, such as Michael Jordan, Reggie Miller, Clyde Drexler, Oscar Robertson, Jerry West, Allan Houston, Allen Iverson and Kobe Bryant, Dwayne Wade. Among the current NBA players can be identified James Harden and Clay Thompson.
Easy Forward (English Small Forward), or third number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The main task for such a player, as well as for an attacking defender, is to score points, but, unlike defenders, attackers have higher growth and, therefore, pick up the ball better and block shots. Light forwards, as a rule, have a good throw from almost all distances. Average height 195-210 cm. These are players such as LeBron James, Scotty Pippen, Carmelo Anthony, Kevin Durant and Russian basketball player Andrei Kirilenko.
Heavy or powerful forward
Heavy forward (English Power Forward), or fourth number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The main task of the 4th number is the selection (English rebound) of the ball in attack and defense. Therefore, powerful forwards must have outstanding physical strength and endurance. The average height is about 200-215 cm. Players of this type can easily put the ball in the ring (Slam Dunk), but they do it completely different from the smaller and physically strong players, like attacking defenders.
Over time, the style of the game on the position of the heavy striker has changed, and you can meet players who score 20-25 points per match and still manage to play in defense (Kevin Garnett, Tim Duncan, Dirk Nowitzki), and you can also those who focus entirely on defense and rarely complete team attacks (Dennis Rodman, Ben Wallace).
Center (English Center), or fifth number, - the position of the player in the basketball team. The highest player in the basketball team (height 210-225 cm), the main task is to play under the ring. Some players of this role can combine high mobility and athletic data with high mobility and play farther from the ring, taking the position of a heavy forward, for which they received the name center forward.
The recognized masters in the center position are Wilt Chamberlain (many of his records have not yet been broken, for example, 100 points in one game), Alexander Belov, Arvydas Sabonis, Dwight Howard and Yao Ming, Shaquille O'Neill, Patrick Ewing, David Robinson , Bill Russell, Hakim Oladzhuvon, Karim Abdul-Jabbar recognized as the best center NBA of all time.
- ↑The Basketball Handbook (pg 14) (2004). Lee H. Rose ISBN 0-7360-4906-1
- ↑Alexander Gomelsky. Team management in basketball. - M.: Soviet Russia, 1985.
- ↑ NBA.com: The NBA at 50
The attacking defender (English Shooting Guard) or the second number - the position of the player in the basketball team. Players of this type are usually very fast, agile, with a high jump and growth of approximately 193-201 cm. Mandatory for an attacking defender is a good throw from medium and long range and fast dribbling. The main task of the 2nd number is to score points, some of them can sometimes act as a point guard (defenders-hybrids).
Basketball (English basket "basket" + ball "ball") - a sports team game with the ball, in which the ball is thrown into the opponent’s basket (ring) with his hands.
Two teams play basketball, each of which consists of five field players (replacements are not limited). The goal of each team is to throw the ball into the ring with the net (basket) of the opponent and prevent the other team from taking possession of the ball and throw it into their basket. The basket is 3.05 meters above the floor (10 feet). Two points are counted for a ball thrown from near and middle distances, three points from the far (due to the three-point line), the free throw is estimated at one point. The standard size of a basketball court is 28 meters long and 15 meters wide. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world.
Basketball has been part of the Olympic Games since 1936 (game inventor James Naismith was there as a guest). Regular world basketball championships for men have been held since 1950, among women - since 1953, and European championships - since 1935.
International club basketball competitions are held in Europe: Euroleague, Eurocup, FIBA Challenge Cup.
This game has reached its greatest development in the USA: the championship of the National Basketball Association (NBA) has been the strongest national club tournament in the world for more than 50 years. Basketball is considered a national sport in Lithuania (see LBL).
Combogard (born Combo Guard - combo defender) is a basketball player who combines the skills of an attacking defender and a point guard, but does not fully comply with the standard descriptions of any of these positions. Such defenders usually play as an attacking defender (scoring more points with throws than with passes). However, they lack growth for effective defense against attacking defenders. At the same time, they lack the vision of the game and the speed of decision-making, which demonstrate clean 1st numbers. Such players are known as a combination (combo) of defenders.
Players stuck between defender positions have historically been considered difficult to fit into the team because their game was characterized as “neither here nor there,” and as such they served as role-playing players until the team had 1 or 2 numbers. But the success of Dwayne Wade forced to reconsider the opinion of the comboguards, at the present time many players of this role are successfully performing in the NBA: James Harden, Eric Gordon, OJ Mayo and Russell Westbrook.
As a rule, combo guards are no taller than 193 cm (6'4 "). They are not able to play professionally playing at the highest level because of the specific requirements for the position of the playmaker. These players are often described as" attacking defender in the body point guard. ”Typical examples: Allen Iverson, Stephen Curry, Stefon Marbury, Monta Ellis, Gilbert Arenas, Jason Terry, Ben Gordon, Juan Dixon, Steve Francis, John Paksson and Steve Kerr. In the history of the Russian Championship, Xie is a typical example Rgey Bykov.
The combo guards are in stark contrast to the “true” point guard, such as Jason Kidd, Deron Williams, Steve Nash, Chris Paul, Regon Rondo and Derek Fisher. These players are primarily point guard.
Less common is the type of combo guards that can play in both positions, having the unique ability to play in each position equally well. The growth of such players is usually slightly less than the average for defenders, but otherwise such players are not inferior to other players in terms of reliability and sports skills. Although they are generally larger and stronger than most attacking defenders, they have good dribbling, passing and excellent vision of the site.
Comboforward is an unofficial position of a player in a basketball team, usually a basketball player who combines the skills of light and heavy forwards, but does not fully comply with the standard descriptions of any of these positions.
Elgin Baylor, is one of the greatest combo forwards in basketball history, and James Worthy are typical basketball players who fit this description. Kevin Durant, LeBron James, Josh Smith, Sean Marion, Danny Granger, Rashard Lewis, Al Harrington, Antoine Jamison, Lamar Odom and Carmelo Anthony are the most notable combo forwards of the modern NBA. Good examples of combo forwards in the Euroleague are Georgios Printezis and Victor Khryapa. In women's basketball, the archetypal “striker” is Candice Parker - when she played in Tennessee, she played in the center, forward and defender positions. The most famous Russian combo-forward of recent years was Andrei Kirilenko, who has been performing in the NBA for many years.
Small forward (English Small Forward) or the third number - the position of the player in the basketball team. The main task for such a player, as well as for an attacking defender, is to score points, but unlike defenders, attackers have higher growth and, therefore, pick up the ball better and block the throws. Average height 200-210 cm. The goals of the player in this position are more relevant to the attack. Light forward must have a good throw from almost all distances. High speed and growth allow light forwards to confidently make passes under the ring. Thanks to speed and coordination, this player can easily get around a heavy forward or a high center. In the case of custody of an easy forward by the first or second numbers, using his height, this player can easily outplay lower opponents.
As well as the attacking defender, but already more emphasized, the light forward goes to rebounds. However, in this case, it is rather the responsibility of the player of this role - to pick up the bounced balls. Using speed, growth and coordination, a light forward can and should actively help his centerpieces in the selection on both shields. Offensive rebounds from perimeter players, to which the light forward belongs, often come as a surprise to the opponent and the possibility of gaining easy points.
The growth, speed and jumping ability of light forwards are the strong weapons of these players in interceptions and insurance. Players of this role are quite successful in defense and insurance. A fast and jumping striker can manage to block an opponent’s throw at the last moment, at the very ring. Block shot is one of the important skills of an easy forward. Recently there has been a trend: that light forwards are the most athletic and versatile players of their teams, capable of playing in several positions (LeBron James, Kevin Durant, Nicolas Batum, Paul George), being key players of their teams, if not in attack, then in defense. Также стоит отметить, что многие лёгкие форварды, постепенно, с годами, набирают массу и теряют в скорости (Дирк Новицки, Пау Газоль) или в силу необходимости для команды (Леброн Джеймс) смещались на позиции тяжёлых форвардов.
Пойнтфорвард (англ. Point forward) — это неофициальная позиция игрока в баскетбольной команде, как правило это баскетболист, который сочетает в себе навыки разыгрывающего защитника и форварда, но не полностью соответствует стандартным описаниям любой из этих позиций.
Players of this role combine such qualities as good dribbling, vision of the site and have a good attacking arsenal. As a rule, these are powerful forwards that can play well in the center position and at the same time possess dribbling, mobility, an excellent throw from any distance and a great pass. When owning the ball, the point forward increases mobility of the attack, allowing defenders to move around without the ball and create opportunities for open throws. Thus, a point forward combined with a combo guard and an attacking defender constitute a formidable force in an attack.
One of the early examples of NBA point forwards was John Johnson, who served as a point guard for Seattle in the 1970s, along with two other defenders Gus Williams and Dennis Johnson, John was one of the team's most productive players and was the leader in the number of assists. Other notable examples were Marquez Johnson and Paul Pressy, who both played this role in the Milwaukee team of head coach Don Nelson in 1980. Perhaps the NBA's most noticeable forward is Larry Bird, who played in the light or heavy forward positions, being essentially a point guard for the Boston Celtics of the 1980s, Magic Johnson, the leader of the Los Angeles Lakers, was actually a point guard for the team, which allowed his club to take a dominant position in the 1980s. The advantage over opponents in size allowed Johnson to play in all five positions on the site in different years of his career. Scotty Pippen is another successful point forward example who has played for the Chicago Bulls, Portland Trail Blazers and Houston Rockets.
An example of point forwards in European clubs are the Greek Theo Papaloukas and the Russian Victor Khryapa.
Examples of point forwards in the current generation of NBA players:
LeBron James - (# 23 Los Angeles Lakers)
Kevin Durant - (# 7 Brooklyn Nets)
Yannis Adetokunbo - (# 34 Milwaukee Bucks)
Ben Simmons - (# 25 Philadelphia 76)
The point guard, playmaker or the first number (English Point guard, play maker) - the position of the player in the basketball team. Players of this role are characterized by absolutely free possession of the ball, high speed (some point guards can argue with professional athletes in this component), dexterity in the passage to the ring, many have good jumping ability and can score from above no worse than tall players. The average height is approximately 185-195 cm.
Swingman (born Swingman, designation SF / SG) is a basketball player who combines the skills of a light forward (3) and an attacking defender (2), and, in essence, is between attack and defense. Swingman height typically ranges between 195 cm (6'5 ") and 203 cm (6'8"). John Hawlichek, who played for the Boston Celtics in the 1960s and 1970s, is one of the earliest examples of swingers. . However, he played in this position long before the term became widely used.
The concept of swingman became fashionable in the late 1970s and early 1980s when star players such as George Gervin challenged the traditional way of playing in second or third position. The best swingman uses a mismatch in growth and athleticism: speed in attack against large players, athleticism and growth against less physically developed basketball players, or attack the ring through an opponent who is inferior in height with a jump shot. At the same time, the swingman knows how to defend and attack equally well, picks up and scores points well with throws from an average distance or in the aisle.
Swingman is characterized by the ability to play not only on the perimeter, but also with his back to the ring, due to his superiority over his opponent in growth and athleticism.
Examples of swingers among current and former NBA players are Kobe Bryant, Joe Johnson, Paul Pierce, Tracy McGrady, Jason Richardson, Paul George, Jamal Crawford, Vince Carter, Michael Finley, Caron Butler, James Posey, Stephen Jackson, Jerry Stackhouse and some others . Among European swingers, players such as Rudi Fernandez, Fernando San Emeterio and Ramunas Siskauskas can be distinguished. Among Russian swingers of recent years, Zakhar Pashutin stands out. Of the current players, one can single out Alexey Shved, Yevgeny Voronov and Sergey Karasev, who plays immediately in three positions.
The term “swingman” is also used in baseball.
Heavy or powerful forward (Eng. Power Forward) or the fourth number - the position of the player in the basketball team. The main task of the 4th number is the selection (English rebound) of the ball in attack and defense. Therefore, powerful forwards must have outstanding physical strength and endurance. The average height is about 200-215 cm. Players of this type can easily score a ball in the ring from above (Slam Dunk), but they do it absolutely differently from less tall and physically strong players, like attacking defenders.
Over time, the style of play in the position of a heavy forward has changed. You can meet players who score 20-25 points per match and manage to play on defense (Kevin Garnett, and you can also find those for whom the word “attack” itself was something unnatural and distant (Dennis Rodman).
The closer to the ring, the harder and more confident the player needs to stand on his feet and withstand the resistance of the opponent, since in the 3-second zone the referees allow more contact. This applies to both defense and attack. The tricks of light players of positions 1–2–3 are no longer in the position of a heavy striker, when you can deceive the judge and the opponent and contact the floor, showing the opponent’s rough play and hoping for a foul in the attack to your advantage. Here you have to endure and just be stronger than the opponent. Athletic and growth data of a heavy striker are very important, as basketball art, skill and a sense of the game can be decisive qualities of a player in this position. A typical example of a heavy forward compensating for a lack of growth by the ability to correctly choose a position is Charles Barkley. With a height of 198 cm, Barkley used his strength and aggressiveness to dominate under the shield and became one of the best NBA rebound players. Today, the heavy forward is the largest station wagon on the site. He must be able to: bring the ball into the attack zone if “small” ones are pressed, attack from the aisle and from any distance, with his back to the ring on the “mustache” and from behind the three-point arc, defend practically any opponent’s player in his zone and work on selection on both rings.
Center (Eng. Center), or fifth number, is the position of the player in the basketball team. The tallest player in the basketball team (the growth of modern centerpieces, as a rule, is 210–220 cm and gradually decreases towards lower, but faster and more coordinated players), the main task is to play under the ring, to pick up the ball.
In many cases, the main task of the center is to use his height and dimensions to protect the position near the basket (three-second zone). The center, which, in addition to dimensions, has athleticism and gaming skills, is of considerable value to the team. Center - the main player in the struggle for selection.
It is not uncommon for players to intentionally foul in order to direct the center to the free-throw line, especially at the end of the game. This is part of the overall strategy used for certain centerpieces that poorly implement free throws, such as Wilt Chamberlain, Shaquille O'Neill, Dwight Howard and Ben Wallace. This tactic of fouls aimed at regaining possession of the ball in the hope that the player (as usual) will not score from the penalty line is called Hack-a-Shaq. Nevertheless, there are centers that perform free throws especially well, such as Lithuanian Arvydas Sabonis or his fellow countryman Zhydrunas Ilgauskas, the latter of which was one of the few NBA centers, along with Yao Ming, who are responsible for executing free throws after a technical foul.
In modern basketball, the center position gradually merges with the position of the heavy striker. There are many players who can perform in both positions (Nene, Skola, Lonchar, Bosch, Stademire, Karl-Anthony Towns), these players are called center forwards. This is largely due to a decrease in the number of prominent representatives of the center. Often the tactics of playing without a center, with two heavy forwards, began to be applied.
Center are the leaders in the number of block shots and rebounds, cement the defense. The main task of the center-player is to take a position in the three-second zone and block as many throws of the opponent as possible, especially in the absence of the ball for the ward player.
The highest player ever drafted in the NBA was Yasutaka Okayama from Japan (234 cm), although he never played in the NBA. The highest players in the history of the NBA are the center players Gheorghe Mureshan and Manute Bol (height 231 cm). The highest center in WNBA history was Margot Dydek (218 cm). Outside the NBA, due to a different style of play, there were also higher players, such as: Alexander Sizoneko, who played with growth (238 cm), Chinese basketball player Sun Minmin (236 cm) recently finished his performances, and remains the highest of those who played in official tournaments Libyan Suleiman Ali Nashnun (245 cm).
Center Forward - the player’s position in the basketball team. A center forward is a talented heavy forward who can play in the center position. The player of this role plays both under the ring, fighting for the ball, and at the border of the three-second zone, attacking with his face or back to the ring. It has greater plasticity compared to a typical center and greater growth than a heavy forward. In addition to this, the forward striker is distinguished by mobility, the ability to throw from an average distance, and confident play in high-post (on a mustache). High speed compared to the classic center, allows the center forwards to maintain a quick separation of the team. In defense, such players are extremely effective in overcoming barriers and insurance. Possessing greater mobility, they keep up with small players and fight on an equal footing with the opponent’s front line for a rebound.
The term center forward came to basketball from jargon, due to the evolution of the game and the universalization of gaming positions in the 1960s. One of the typical players in this role was Marcus Camby and Jermain O’Neill. With a height of 211 cm, Marcus Camby played in the center position, but at the beginning of his career, he acted as a heavy striker due to the fact that one of the best center leagues played in the fifth position - Patrick Ewing (213 cm). Ewing himself acted as a center forward at the beginning of his career, which allowed him to fully reveal his attacking potential, playing in conjunction with the current center “Knicks” Bill Cartwright (216 cm).
This position is characterized by a rather large range of anthropometry, from not high, by basketball standards, initially heavy forwards, but the strength of stiffness and power that can “center” (Hickson, Smodis - both 206, Hines, which with the growth of 197 is considered one of the strongest big in the Euroleague ), to the tall, but moving center of Sampson (224 cm).