Useful Tips

How to knit tourist rope knots

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People unfamiliar with marine terminology might think that the name “gazebo” comes from the verb “talk” or from the noun “gazebo”. In the marine language, the name of this knot comes from the "arbor", but not from the usual, but from the sea arbor, which is a small wooden board - a platform that serves to lift a person to the mast or lower it overboard during painting or other work. This board with the help of cables is attached to the lifting cable with a special unit, which is called the gazebo. His second name is a pancake. It came from the English term "pancake", which means tackle, which pulls the windward side of the lower direct sail. This tackle is tied to the sail ship’s core with a boolean knot, or simply a “boulin”.

This is one of the oldest and most amazing sites ever invented by man. Archaeologists testify that the gazebo was known to the ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians 3000 years BC. The gazebo, despite its amazing compactness, contains at the same time elements of a simple knot, half-bayonet, weaving and straight knots. Elements of all these nodes in a certain combination give the gazebo the right to be called universal. It is surprisingly easy to fit, even with strong traction it never tightens “tightly”, it does not spoil the cable, it never slides along the cable, it does not untie itself and is easily untied when necessary. The main purpose of the gazebo is to tie a person with a cable under the armpits as a means of insurance when raising to a height, lowering it overboard or in a smoky room during a fire aboard a ship. You can insert a gazebo into the non-tightening loop of this node.

The easiest way to knit. In life always. The ability to quickly tie a gazebo around your waist may come in handy. You need to be able to do this with one hand with one continuous movement of the brush, in the dark, in 2 - 3 seconds. Learning this is not at all difficult.

Take the root end of the cable in your left hand, with your right, enclose the running end behind you around your waist. In the right brush, take the running end and, stepping back from its end about 10 centimeters, hold it in a fist. Take the root end in the left hand and extend the left hand forward. Now, having the root end of the cable slightly taut, with your right hand with the running end clamped in it, go around the root end of the cable from top to bottom and away from you. Try to make such a movement with the brush so that it does not completely fall into the loop. Next, enclose the running end around the stretched root end to the left, grab it with the thumb and forefinger of the right hand. When pulling the right hand out of the loop, simultaneously push the running end into the small loop. Holding the running end with your right brush, pull the root end with a ribbon. Having done this several times in a row, you will learn how to tie the gazebo on yourself, in the dark or with your eyes closed. Imagine this situation: you were behind a ship in the water, you were thrown from the deck end, on which you can not go up, because it is slippery. Having tied an arbor knot around your waist and moving the formed armpit loop, you can guarantee that you will be safely pulled out of the water onto the deck. This magnificent site has repeatedly saved the lives of sailors. To untie the gazebo, just slightly move the loop of the running end along the weakened root part of the cable.

Portuguese pancake. (photo: kakimenno.ru)

It works just like a simple bowline. It is used in cases when it is necessary to tie two loops at one end at once. For example, lifting a wounded person. Then the victim's legs are threaded into loops, and a half-bayon is knitted under the armpits with the root end around the chest. then the person will not fall out, even if he is unconscious.

This knot is considered classic. It forms the basis of a dozen other, more complex nodes for various purposes. In the form in which it is depicted here, this knot in marine affairs serves as an excellent stopper at the end of the cable so that the latter does not come out of the pulley of the block. Unlike a simple unit, even with strong traction, it does not spoil the cable and it can always be easily untied. To connect the figure eight, it is necessary to enclose the running end of the cable around the main one and then pass it into the formed loop, but not immediately, as in a simple knot, but first wound it up for itself. This knot can be used for the rope handles of a wooden bucket or tub, if the rope passes through two holes on the protruding ends of wooden staves. In this case, threading the rope in both holes, the rivets are tied in figure eight at its ends on the outer sides. With two eights, you can securely attach the rope to the children's sled. So that the hand does not slide off the end of the dog leash, we advise you to tie a figure eight. In addition, it serves well for attaching strings to pegs of violins, mandolin guitars, balalaikas and other musical instruments.

The knot eight knits very simply and can be executed at the moment with one hand.

  1. Complete the first peg.
  2. Then pass the running end under the radical.
  3. Pass it into the first lint and tighten the knot.

Dagger knot. Knot for connecting two cables or ropes.

It is considered one of the best nodes for connecting two large-diameter cables. It is not very complex in its design and is very compact when tightened. It is most convenient to tie it, if you first lay the running end of the cable in the form of a figure of the figure 8 on top of the main one. After that, extend the elongated running end of the second cable into the loops, pass under the middle intersection of the figure eight and bring over the second intersection of the first cable. Next, the running end of the second cable should be skipped under the root end of the first cable and enter it into the figure eight loop, as indicated by the arrow. When the knot is tightened, the two running ends of both cables stick out in different directions. It is not difficult to untie the dagger knot if one of the extreme loops is loosened.

How to knit a dagger knot. (photo: poxod.ru)

Archaeological finds indicate that about three thousand years BC, the Egyptians used it. The ancient Greeks and Romans called it Nodus Hercules - the Hercules or Hercules knot, because the mythical hero Hercules tied the front paws of the skins of the lion he had killed on his chest. The Romans used a direct knot for suturing wounds and treating bone fractures. It consists of two half-nodes, sequentially tied one on top of the other in different directions. This is the usual easiest way to knit it. Sailors who have been using this knot since ancient times for tying cables use a different knitting method. Weavers who use a straight knot to bind broken threads of yarn, knit it in their own way, in a special, convenient way for them.

With large loads on the connected cables, as well as when the cables get wet, the direct assembly is greatly tightened. How does a straight (reef) knot unfasten, which is so tightened that it cannot be untied and will have to be cut. A straight knot, even wet and tightened, is untied very simply, in 1 - 2 seconds.

How to knit a straight knot.

Take ends A and B in your left hand, and ends B and D in your right hand. Pull them strongly in different directions and tighten the knot as tight as possible. After that, take the root end A in your left hand (so that it does not slip out of the hand, make a couple of hoses around the palm). In the right hand, take the running end of B (it can also be wound on the palm of your hand.). Pull the ends sharply and strongly in different directions. Without releasing end A from your left hand, use your right hand to fist the rest of the knot, holding it with your thumb and forefinger. The root end And pull to the left side - the knot is untied. The whole secret lies in the fact that when the ends A and B are jerked in different directions, the straight knot turns into two half-bayons and completely loses all its properties. It can also be easily untied if you take the root end of G in your right hand and pull the running end of B to the left strongly. Only in this case, then the end of G must then be pulled to the right, and the remaining part of the assembly (half-bayonet) to the left. When untying a straight knot in this way, remember that if you pulled the running end to the right, pull the left one to the left and vice versa. When unleashing a direct knot, one should not forget that with what force it was tightened, one must also pull at one of its running ends with the same force.

Very reliable site. One of the most critical cases of the use of the knot in the marine business is the anchoring of the anchor rope to the anchor. For the five thousand years of the existence of shipping, people for this purpose could not come up with a more reliable unit than this. Tested by the centuries-old experience of maritime practice, this knot is recognized by sailors of all countries as the most reliable for attaching a rope to the eye or to the anchor bracket. A fishing bayonet (or anchor knot) is somewhat similar to a simple bayonet with a gate. It differs from it in that the first of the two half-bayons passes additionally inside the hose that encloses the object. Applying this knot for the anchor, it is always necessary to grab the running end with the scrum to the main one. In this case, even with very strong traction, the fishing bayonet does not tighten and holds firmly. It is fashionable to safely apply it in all cases when working with cables, when they are subject to strong traction.

This node is also called a scaffold or "hanging" node. But despite this, he finds another application in the maritime industry. It is used for temporary fastening of the cable for objects floating in the water or when throwing and fastening the cable for any item on the shore. This knot has an advantage, even over such a good knot as a half-bayonet, in that the running end of the cable cannot slip out of the loop, and therefore the protracted choke is considered more reliable. On the sailboats, this knot was attached to the root ends of Mars-sheaves and Mars-git and other gear in cases when it was necessary to have these ends ready for recoil. To tie this knot, the cable is laid in the form of two equally sized loops. Both loops are enclosed several times with the running end of the cable, after which this end is passed into the loop facing the root part of the cable, and, pulling the extreme loop, clamp it. A protracted stranglehold can always be easily untied by pulling on the root of the cable. This gloomy knot can be used quite well in marine affairs in two ways. Firstly, according to the scheme of its knitting, it is convenient to store a cable in the form of a compact bay. By making this knot without a loop at the running end of the cast end, you will get excellent weight. If it seems to you not heavy enough, dip it into water before use.

It has long been considered one of the most reliable nodes for tying cables of different thicknesses. They even tied anchor hemp ropes and mooring lines. Having eight weaves, the flat knot never tightens much, does not creep and does not spoil the cable, because it does not have sharp bends, and the load falling on the cables is evenly distributed over the node. After removing the load on the cable, this knot is easy to untie. The principle of a flat knot is in its shape: it is really flat, and this makes it possible to choose the cables connected by it to the drums of spiers and windlass, on the wales of which its shape does not violate the even imposition of subsequent hoses.

In marine practice, there are two options for knitting this knot: an unstuck knot with a tack of its free running ends to the main or half-bayonets at their ends and without such a tack when the knot is tightened. The flat knot tied in the first way (in this form it is called the Josephine knot) on two ropes of different thickness almost does not change its shape even with very high traction and is easily untied when the load is removed. The second method of knitting is used to tie thinner than anchor ropes and mooring ropes, with the same or almost the same thickness. In this case, it is recommended to tighten the knotted flat knot first by hand, so that it does not twist during sharp traction. After that, when the load is given to the connected cable, the node crawls for some time and twists, but, having stopped, holds it firmly. It is untied without much effort by shifting the loops covering the root ends. As already mentioned, a flat knot has eight intersections of cables and, it would seem that you can tie it in different ways, there are 256 different options for tying it. But practice shows that not every knot from this number tied according to the principle of a flat knot (alternating intersection of the opposite ends with under and above) will be securely held. Ninety percent of them are unreliable, and some are even dangerous for tying cables designed for strong traction. Its principle depends on changing the sequence of intersection of the connected cables in a flat knot, and it is enough to slightly change this order, as the knot receives other negative qualities. Before you put this unit into practice for any responsible business, you must first remember the exact scheme of it and connect the cables precisely along it without any, even the most insignificant deviations. Only in this case the flat knot will serve you faithfully and will not fail.

This marine unit is indispensable for linking two cables (even steel ones, on which considerable effort will be applied, for example, when a tractor pulls out a heavy truck stuck in mud on half a wheel).

(photo: hermes-sz.com)

In the fleets of various countries, sailors stored their personal belongings in different ways - in bags, lockers and suitcases. In the Russian Imperial Navy, large and small suitcases sewn from gray canvas were used to store personal belongings of sailors. To carry the bags, the sailors attached to them a piece of the pin, which they tied with a bag knot.

Climbing knot - riding loop.

Used for attachment points on the base rope and for attachment in the bundle of the average participant, for which he received his second common name. For tying the rope to the main and intermediate fasteners, for temporary isolation of a defective (broken) piece of the working rope.

The knot is noteworthy in that it is easily, in comparison with the eight, untied and equally well drawn in both directions. When jerking from one side, it does not slip on the rope.

This knot is not simple, but with its help you can make a great rope handle for carrying a bottle, jug, and generally any vessel with a small protrusion on the neck.

This unit is used when there is no special sling or device for lifting full and open barrels in an upright position. On the middle part of the cable, which they intend to raise the barrel, a half-knot is knitted. Half loops of the knot are parted to the sides and cover the middle part of the barrel. The lower part of the loop passes through the center of the bottom of the barrel, the free ends of the cable are connected by a direct knot, and if the cable is already fixed at one end, then by the gazebo.

How to knit a simple knot

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How to knit knots. Summary tables of knitting patterns of various knots

Save! This may come in handy!

Knots for thickening the cable.

Knots for fishing tackle.

The main marine nodes.

Knots that are dangerous for tying two cables.

Knot for connecting two cables.

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We knit a straight knot

To tie a straight knot is very simple, but it is intended for those cases when someone's life does not depend on it. Those. it will not be suitable for insurance, because it can slip and slip. When tying a straight knot, so-called control fixing knots are required. What is this knot good at? It is easily untied, just pull the two ends of the rope on one side of the knot. And besides, he quickly and easily fits. Those. If you need to quickly tie two ropes of the same diameter for light loads, a straight knot will do just fine.

Direct node diagram:

One of the options for the control node:

How to knit knots

It works on the principle of a wiki, which means that many of our articles are written by several authors. When creating this article, 9 people worked on its editing and improvement, including anonymously.

The number of sources used in this article is 12. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.

Whether you are a pro climber, a fan of boat trips, or someone who wants to know how to tie a rope to something, you will have to learn how to knit knots. Прочитайте и ознакомьтесь с техникой вязки основных узлов для скалолазания, морских узлов, а также узлов для очень специфических назначений.

Туристские узлы: проводник, швейцарский проводник, восьмерка

Как правильно завязать узел проводник и восьмерка? Отличия при их завязывании незначительные. They are designed to create a strong loop, used in the climbing system of climbers. The conductor and the eight are very reliable nodes, therefore they are used everywhere in tourism. Eight is considered more reliable, and therefore does not require control nodes, unlike the conductor.

Conductor node diagram:

How to take the figure eight knot? Scheme:

How to knit a bowline knot?

The bowline knot is no less popular in tourism than the conductor. This is due to the fact that it is multifunctional and reliable. However, for serious cases with increased load, a control unit is required. If necessary, a bowline is used to tie a rope around a support, to bind two ropes, to create a non-tightening loop.

Grapewan Knot

Grapewan is a more complex knot than the ones given earlier. This is a reliable knot designed to tie two ropes, ribbons and so on. It does not require safety nodes, however, it is greatly tightened with increased load.

Exciting tourist sites: Prussica node

Gripping units are used to organize crossings, for insurance when climbing or descending along an inclined surface. This unit is easy to move, tightens when loaded. It is indispensable for tourists and climbers. However, before tying the Prussik knot, make sure that all its components are straightened, otherwise it may slide on the rope.

Pirate Knot: Quick Release

It is used for temporary fastening, or for those cases when after the descent it is necessary to return the rope. When tying this knot, one end of the rope serves to hold the weight, the other - to untie the knot.

How to tie a weaving knot?

The weaving knot is used to bind two ropes of the same diameter. It consists of a number of safety nodes and, since it tends to slide, requires additional control nodes. How to tie a weaving knot? We put two ropes one on top of the other, knit the control knot first on one side, then on the other, tighten the two knots, and tie another safety knot at the ends.

How to knit clew

What if we need one long rope, and we only have pieces of rope of different thicknesses? For this we need a clew assembly. It is suitable for constant loads, i.e. may be untied when released.

A reinforced version of clewed sheet is a bromshkot knot (a thin rope is wound).

How to knit tourist knots correctly? Summary

To summarize. All types of rope tourist knots can be divided into a number of conditional categories depending on the scope of their application. We single out the main ones:

  • for tying two ropes of the same diameter,
  • for tying ropes of different diameters,
  • to create loops,
  • for tying a rope around an object (tree, pole, etc.),
  • for grasping another rope (securing insurance, organizing a crossing).

This is not a complete list of destination rope nodes for tourism. However, having mastered the above set of nodes, you will become much more efficient and more useful in camping life. It is important to remember that each knot must be given special attention in order to knit it correctly. After all, not only your life, but also your mates may depend on your attentiveness. Let the ability to tie knots help you protect yourself and others.

More information about nodes in the video:

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