Useful Tips

How to care for frogs

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Where can I find a wild toad?
Although toads are amphibians, they are less likely to be associated with swamps than frogs. Many species of toads approach water bodies only during the breeding season. The probability of finding a toad in your own garden or in a park is much higher than in a forest in a swamp. Most likely, it will be an ordinary, or gray toad.
It is best to look for a toad in spring, after heavy rain, although you can meet them in the summer, as well as in early autumn. In winter, toads hibernate, so it is almost impossible to find it in severe cold.
In full accordance with Murphy’s law, before you could stumble daily on toads in the courtyard of your own house, but as soon as you set off in search, they disappear somewhere. Like most amphibians, toads spend most of the time in shelters, so you should look under the stones and leaves. A little perseverance and patience - and you will find what you are looking for. It is best to catch a young toad, it will quickly adapt to life in captivity.

Equip terrarium
Most toads lead a sedentary lifestyle. They sit under a stone or buried in the soil, and therefore they do not need a large terrarium. In the "house" of the toad should be quite humid, but nevertheless, there should be good ventilation. A small aquarium with a mesh cover will do. Make sure that the cover is firmly fixed - otherwise the toad may run away.
It is best to use garden soil or dry leaves as a substrate. There are conflicting opinions on the issue of whether it is possible to take the land right where you caught the toad, or is it better to buy special environmentally friendly coconut chips.
The potential danger of land from your garden is that it may contain fertilizers or pesticides that are harmful to toads. However, if a prosperous colony of toads lives near your home, most likely the land is safe there. But of course, it is better to buy a special substrate (it is quite budget). Do not put gravel or other substrate in the terrarium that the toad can swallow.
Take care of shelters for your toad: in a terrarium there should be snags, stones or large pieces of bark. You can also buy special caves at the pet store.
All amphibians need constant access to fresh water. Like frogs, toads do not drink, but absorb water through the skin. Therefore, you need to put a small container of water in the terrarium, into which the toad can easily climb. Water needs to be changed daily to prevent bacterial growth and possible infection of your pet. Water should be free of bleach; tap water is likely to be toxic to a toad. You need to let it stand for at least 24 hours, or use special dechlorinating agents for the aquarium.

Temperature and humidity
Most toads living in the middle lane prefer coolness. They spend most of their time burying themselves in soil or in a pile of leaves, crawling out only at night. Most comfortable they feel in the range from 15 to 21 degrees. Most likely, you will not need special heating equipment, unless your terrarium is in an unheated room in winter.
The skin of the toads is warty, and they do not need the same high humidity as frogs. Toads will have enough water poured into a drinker or bowl. However, in winter, if you have central heating in your house and the air becomes very dry, you need to spray the terrarium with clean, non-chlorinated water several times a week.

Food for toad
Toads are insectivorous animals, and they will eat any invertebrate they come across. You may be tempted to dig up worms at home, but in this case there is a risk of toad infection or pesticide poisoning. It is best to buy grasshoppers and other specialized food specially grown for this purpose.
Crickets and grasshoppers, most likely, will form the basis of the diet of your toad, but the menu needs to be supplemented with carrots and other vegetables and fruits. Amphibians also need vitamin D and mineral supplements containing calcium.

Grass Frog Content (Rana temporaria)

For content grass frog Palludarium or terrarium will be required. Additional heating and lighting is not required. Once a day, water is sprayed over the substrate. Live plants are desirable. Frogs need a large body of water. They are fed insects with soft integuments (flies, cockroaches, butterflies, etc.). You can feed with tweezers bloodworms and pieces of meat.

Terrarium:
Type: palludarium or terrarium.
Temperature: daytime - 18-20 ° C, night - 16-17 ° C. Do not tolerate high (above 25 ° C) temperatures.
Heating: not required at room temperature.
Lighting: not required.
Humidity: spray water once a day over the substrate.
Plants: desirable.
Pond: need a large pond. The grass frog is afraid of the plaques with a diameter of 13-14 cm, even if it is far enough away.
Design: under the corner of the forest.

Feeding:
You can give: insects with soft integuments (flies, cockroaches, butterflies, etc.). You can feed with tweezers bloodworms and pieces of meat.
Do not feed: insects with hard integuments.
Water: change every day.

Socialization / Taming:
Taming: you can train to eat with tweezers.

The voice of a grass frog
Invocation of a male grass frog

Disease
The main diseases: since the grass frog spends little time in the water, therefore, it is less likely to become infected with trematodoses.

Description of the Muzzle frog (Rana arvalis)

Muzzle frog (Rana arvalis) - A very numerous species of our fauna, reaches a length of 78 mm. The back is brown or grayish with dark spots, the abdomen is white or yellowish, usually without spots. The throat is whitish, often with a marble pattern. The witty frog spends all the time, including wintering, on land. Only for the breeding season it moves to a reservoir. It feeds on terrestrial insects, invertebrates.

Spawning frogfish is carried out in a very short time. Males spend in water bodies only 20-25 days. Females come later than they and leave earlier, immediately after laying eggs. One female lays 500-2750 eggs.

At low temperatures, sometimes even when ice crusts form over the masonry, the development of eggs lasts 8-10 days. The development of larvae takes on average 60-65 days, and in the tundra zone no more than 45-55 days.

Description of a grass frog (Rana temporaria)

Grass Frog (Rana temporaria) differs from the muzzle in larger sizes - up to 10 cm long, a blunt muzzle, a marble-like pattern on the abdomen and a low calcaneal tuber.

Grass frog

The grass frog is more cold-resistant, demanding on moisture. Most active in the evening and morning twilight. He prefers to spend time in natural shelters - behind grass tubercles, stones, rotting stumps, fallen branches, in tall grass, etc. It feeds on various invertebrates, dipterans insects, caterpillars, spiders. As well as in some other species of frogs, there are cases of eating like-like ones. Source: Frogs

On the whole, the biology of grassy and muzzle frogs is similar, it differs only in details.

Keeping and caring for a muzzle or grass frog

Recommendations for keeping a muzzle or grass frog at home are slightly different from the similar advice on keeping a lake frog. As a rule, it is recommended to equip a terrarium with 30-40 liters, plant it with green plants and arrange a large, but shallow pond. It is recommended to cover the terrarium with a net so that its moving inhabitants do not run away. Additional heating of the terrarium, as well as additional lighting is not required.

You can buy a lake, pike or grass frog not only in pet stores or in large bird markets. The number and habitat of these species of frogs are so vast that they can be found in ordinary forest, in a swamp or near a river, lake or pond.

Recommended for keeping both beginner and professional amphibian breeders.

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