Wall decoration using stencils is very popular today, because it allows you to create amazingly beautiful elements in the interior. Using stencils, you can apply drawings to walls and ceilings, to doors and furniture. Next, we will consider the features of the work on applying screen images.
Wall decoration using plain color stencil
Tools and materials
Wall decor with a stencil is made using the following materials and tools:
- Stencil with the image - you can buy it or use a stencil for the walls, made by yourself.
- Lead pencil for marking on the wall. You can make small dots using chalk.
- Screen Spray Adhesive - special glue in the can, which leaves no residue on the surface. It is applied to the stencil, and then the mold is pressed firmly against the wall, and it can be confidently stated that the stencil will not move on the wall, and the image will turn out to be smooth and clear.
- Brush, roller or foam sponge for applying paint - choose any of the tools that will be convenient for you to work.
- Paint selected tone - aerosol or acrylic is suitable, because both of them dry quickly enough, and almost immediately after application, the stencil can be removed from the surface of the wall.
Stencils for wall decor
- Wall preparation. Before you apply drawings to any surface using a stencil, it must be carefully prepared. To do this, the walls and ceiling are cleaned of dirt and dust, and then, if possible, are treated with a damp sponge. If this cannot be done, the walls need to be wiped with a piece of clean, dry rags, and then vacuumed.
- Markup drawing. Further, on the wall (or any other surface), it is necessary to mark the place where the drawing is planned to be placed. Using a simple graphite pencil, you need to outline small points in those places where the stencil will be attached.
- Experience accumulation. Before applying the image to the wall, experienced decorators recommend first practicing on sheets of paper (Whatman paper, pieces of old wallpaper). This will help to choose the right shade of paint, as well as get some experience with the stencil. Reusable stencils that are made of a special polymer film are best suited for this purpose. This material is very resistant to damage, and besides, the film is easy to clean, and therefore suitable for repeated use.
- Fixing the stencil on the wall. After that, if you think that you are already ready to do the work, you should fix the stencil in the marked place with the help of special aerosol glue. It will help to reliably hold the stencil, and will not give it the opportunity to deform and slip.
- Drawing image. Next, proceed directly to the application of the image. You need to work carefully, carefully and slowly to avoid smudges of paint under the edges of the stencil, otherwise the picture will be damaged and difficult to correct.
- Stencil Removal. After the paint dries, you must carefully remove the stencil, and enjoy the result.
Paint application on a stencil using a roller
Work with screen glue
Aerosol screen glue is an excellent invention, which greatly facilitates the application of screen patterns. Using glue, you can securely fix the stencil on the wall surface.
However, aerosol glue has some features and properties that you need to know about:
- Fixing the stencil with glue has different strengths on different types of surfaces. In this case, the following rule applies: the smoother the surface of the wall, the denser the adhesive will fix the stencil on it. Conversely, on a rough surface with recesses and irregularities, aerosol glue is not able to hold the stencil too tightly.
- After the end of the work, the stencil is removed, while the glue particles do not remain on the surface. Therefore, additional work to remove glue residue is not required.
- Aerosol glue is applied to the stencil itself, and not to the surface of the wall or ceiling. Only under this condition is it possible to achieve maximum fixation of the stencil.
- Stencils made from thin and light types of materials are best attached with aerosol glue. But for heavier materials, additional fixing with masking tape will be required.
- After work, the stencil must be thoroughly washed. However, if it is planned to use it further, then the glue can not be washed off completely, because it still retains its adhesive properties.
- But there are one unpleasant moment in the mass of positive properties of aerosol glue, namely, the use of glue does not guarantee that the paint will not leak under the stencil.
Aerosol screen adhesive
What are they made of
Stencils for wall decor for painting are divided into reusable and disposable. Depending on the purpose, different materials are used. Disposable, mainly paper. From thick white or colored paper. Reusable stencils for walls for painting are:
- From a vinyl film. The film may be of different densities, transparent or colored. A convenient option, if adapted - the paint spreads easily on a flat surface. Without the skill, it's easy to stain a drawing or an adjacent wall. Periodically, the stencil made of PVC film must be cleaned of paint.
This is a colored vinyl film, but it can be transparent or white.
From sheets up to 4 mm thick make stencils for volumetric drawings
A few words about vinyl stencils for painting walls. They can be in the form of sheets or in rolls. If you are going to cover a large wall surface with one pattern, it is advisable to take several identical patterns. They can be bonded to each other. So the work progresses faster - a large area is processed at a time.
Varieties of stencils
Stencils for walls for painting are different not only in the material from which they are made. They differ in the type of drawing:
- Simple or single. The whole picture is painted over in one color. If desired, you can make a gradient - from a darker shade to a lighter one. But that’s all. Details of a different color are not provided.
From paper you can make a simple disposable stencil
For this picture there were two stencils of boredom - in black and red
Here's what you get when using anti-stencil
These or similar patterns can be obtained when working with bulk stencils.
The easiest way to work with simple templates. First you can try this type of drawing. If you are confident in your abilities, you can work with more complex combinations. When working with them, remember that you can remove the film only after the paint has dried.
Where to get the templates
There are ready-made templates for decorating walls for sale. All of them are made of vinyl film, as it is flexible, durable and light. If you do not like ready-made templates, there are two options:
- Order production in a company engaged in outdoor advertising or printing booklets (often this is the same company). They have special equipment - plotters, which cut the necessary outlines on vinyl. Moreover, some of them may develop a stencil for you on a photograph.
Independent manufacture of stencils is a painstaking task. If this does not scare you, you can dare. You can try to work with the film. It requires a very thin and sharp, but stiff blade. If there are even small defects - a burr, uneven edges - everything needs to be fixed. In general, good luck to you.
How to work with stencils
You can apply a drawing not only on painted walls, but also on wallpaper, plastic, glass, etc. That is, stencils for walls for painting can be used not only for wall decoration, but also for the decoration of furniture facades, for example. Only strongly relief surfaces are not suitable. You can’t normally paint on them. All others are suitable. Moreover, acrylic paint is compatible with almost all. They may be in a jar or aerosol. The advantages of acrylic are known to everyone: the paint lays well on both smooth and porous surfaces, dries quickly, does not fade for a long time, and has almost no smell. That is why stencils for painting walls are usually stained with acrylic paints.
Screen printing on the walls can be of any subject
How to work
If anti-stencil is used, then paint is applied only from a cylinder. You cannot achieve such an effect with other tools (unless with an airbrush). When spraying paint, the container is 25-35 cm from the surface to be painted. It’s better to choose the distance by conducting a “pen test” on a piece of old wallpaper. So you precisely pick up and duration of delivery of paint, and the movement, and distance. And one more thing: when working with a spray can, it is necessary to additionally protect the territories adjacent to the stencil - so that an unnecessary part of the wall is not painted from careless movement.
It is necessary to work with paint in spray cans carefully - its amount is difficult to control
When working with all other templates, you can apply:
- piece of foam
- short and dense brush,
- roller with a sponge.
Screen paint can be applied with a brush, roller or sponge
In any case, we take a limited amount of paint. If there will be a lot of it, it will flow under the stencil, ruin all the work. Therefore, having dipped the brush / foam rubber / roller in the paint, we squeeze it well. The amount of paint can be controlled by drawing several times on an unnecessary sheet of paper / piece of wallpaper.
How and how to fix
So that the wall stencils for painting do not move, they must be fixed to the wall. There is a special glue for this. It is applied in a thin layer to the back of the stencil, after which it is attached to the wall. After completing the work, removing it is not a problem. Moreover, it does not damage the surface.
There is another option - double-sided masking tape. Note! Mandatory masking tape. Not ordinary. If you use normal, it will damage the wall - most likely, a piece of paint will remain on the sticky tape. Or vice versa, part of the sticky composition will be on the wall. Which is no better. But the masking tape acts approximately like the glue described above: it holds well, but does not leave marks after peeling off.
The stencil must be fixed securely, but so that when peeling it does not damage the wall
Adhesive tape is easier to buy and cheaper, so most people use it. We cut it into small pieces, remove the protective film on one side and glue it to the stencil. Pieces are needed at the corners - that's for sure, but they may be needed in the middle of the long side of the sheet or somewhere else. It is important that the stencil is held well and there is no way to move it.
The procedure for transferring the picture to the wall
Work with a stencil for painting walls as follows:
- Cooking surface. It must be dry and clean. Ideal if the walls have recently been painted. If this is not so, we thoroughly clean them. There should be no greasy or any other stains. If you have to wash the wall, it must be well dried. If you need to remove dust, you can do it with a vacuum cleaner and a brush with a long pile. Then we take a slightly damp rag and collect the leftovers. Leave to dry. Further it is possible to work only after the walls have dried.
Vertical or horizontal drawing - it doesn’t matter. It is important that it "fits" into the interior
Further, if necessary, repeat the procedure. Next time you need to check whether the paint remaining from the previous time has dried. It can be used only after complete drying. The paint which has dried several times forms a solid thickness of the crust. This may contribute to the fact that it will become numb between the stencil and the wall, or the shape of the pattern will change. Therefore, after several applications, remove the paint.
Features of working with bulk stencil
To form a three-dimensional image, you can use textured paint, putty, decorative plaster, liquid wallpaper and other similar compositions. In stores you can find special compounds, but they are very expensive. In this part, the choice is yours; all of the above formulations are suitable.
All of the above materials have a pasty consistency. To put them with a brush or roller does not make sense. Need a small spatula, preferably plastic, flexible. If not, you can use a piece of any plastic. Even an old plastic card will do.
Work with bulk stencil
We take a certain amount of the composition on the spatula, fill the cavities with it, immediately removing the excess with the same card. At this stage, it is necessary to ensure that there are no air cavities, and the surface filled with plaster / putty is smooth. If you have ever worked with stucco, no problem. Everything is exactly the same.
After the composition is set, but even before its final drying, remove the stencil. In this case, the edges of the picture are torn, uneven. Do not worry, this is normal. Do nothing, just wait for the final drying. Now we take sandpaper with medium or small grain (depending on the composition that was used) and grind all the nervousness. That's all. Further, if you want, you can color the resulting ornament, but that's another story.
Choosing a place for a stencil
It looks best on a blank or almost empty wall. Here the choice is unlimited. You can choose a stencil that will focus attention on yourself. Such a wall becomes accent.
If the wall is not too loaded - there is a piece of furniture near it, but its large surface is free, pick up a stencil that will make the furniture “play”. There are drawings that beat a sofa or mirror, turning everything into a single composition.
A stencil for painting walls is placed where there is a fairly large piece of free space
Tall and narrow stencils fit near doors and windows. Usually these are plant ornaments. When choosing them, focus on the style of the room. If the decor is colored, choose the colors that are found in the interior.
The best way to hide is to pay attention
Small drawings that play on sockets and switches look very good. This is one of the decoration techniques - if something cannot be hidden, we will transfer attention to it. In this case, it works great.
Type of stencil for rooms for various purposes
Stencils for walls for painting are selected depending on the type of room. There are universal drawings: geometric, floral ornaments, landscapes. They are suitable for any room, corridor, kitchen, etc. You can find a lot of them, in various ways. And under strict minimalism, and chic classics or romantic provence. Moreover, it is often not only the drawing itself, but also the selection of paint. The same pattern will look different in black and pink. And this is worth remembering.
In the bedroom, the drawing should not be so provocative and bright.
There are stencils for walls for painting with thematic drawings that are relevant only in certain rooms. For example, in the kitchen they usually use thematic pictures with food, products. In children's rooms, they often draw cartoon characters for smaller children, for teenagers - heroes of games or anime.
For bedrooms, try to find more calm patterns. Even if it’s a men's bedroom. Here you need to relax and the atmosphere should be appropriate.
For children's stencils for walls for painting specific
In other rooms - corridors, living rooms, dining rooms - they select neutral images that will appeal to people of different ages. These are all the same plant motifs or landscapes.
Cliches for walls for painting: photo
The number of possible drawings cannot be counted. Different styles, elements, sizes. Graphic, fantasy, from cartoons, based on paintings, photos, schematic and realistic images of flowers, insects, animals, trees ... In general, there is everything. It is only necessary to find. Some interesting options are compiled in this section. You might like something.
Interesting ideas: paint the stencil with the same colors that are in the interior or even apply elements to other decor items
Stylized animals and cartoon characters - stencils for walls for painting in children’s
Floral patterns - unobtrusively and calmly
The diversity of nature inspires artists
Even a single sheet is a work of art
The number of variations is infinite
Linear or border stencils, elongated compositions - all based on plant motifs
Stencils with dragonflies ... and if you choose fluorescent paint, the effect will be unexpected
Flowering trees - a symbol of spring and eternity
The trees on the stencils are made in different techniques. It is a stylized
Butterflies in the interior are an eternal theme ... they also have stencils
Bamboo, spikelets - different styles, but how beautiful ...
Flowers are another win-win theme for decorating the interior.
Types of stencils
Decoupage stencils can be made of different materials, it depends on this - a disposable stencil or reusable. Бывают гибкими и твёрдыми. Твёрдыми трафаретами удобно пользоваться на ровной гладкой поверхности, гибкие хорошо ложатся на ткань, кожу, фигурные элементы (например, круглые шкатулки!).
Some stencils have an adhesive base - this is very convenient, since it allows you to carefully fix the stencil and prevent it from moving out.
Very thin stencils are ideal for applying paint through them, and stencils with a thickness of 2 mm or more are best used for working with bulk materials - texture pastes, modeling 3D gels, and plaster.
You can also make stencils yourself if you need some simple form. Most often, they are cut out of plastic films, self-adhesive paper, cardboard.
If the stencil is needed only in order to make even equal stripes, or to clearly limit some area for filling, you can use masking tape as such.
Creating a picture using a stencil is one of the few cases when you should not trust your fingers. In the course of painstaking work, they get tired of holding the plastic in place, and achieving a smooth fit is not at all easy. Therefore, if you use a regular plastic stencil, and not a thin silicone on an adhesive basis, you should use means for fixing - special glue or masking tape. They are easily removable and leave no residue at work.
When using adhesive stencils or construction tape, it is important to remember two points:
1. Glue-based stencil can be used only when all previous layers of paint / varnish or other art materials used in the product are already completely dried out. If you have just dried a layer of varnish with a hairdryer, give it time to cool before sculpting the stencil onto the surface. Otherwise, the adhesive base will easily lead to fresh paint / varnish.
2. If the stencil on a glue basis is new (this also applies to gluing masking tape), it is recommended to stick 1-2 times and unstick it on any fabric to reduce stickiness.
Basic rules for working with a stencil
In order for the paint to lie evenly, and the drawing does not tend to arbitrary displacement, it is enough to follow a few simple requirements:
• the stencil should be firmly fixed before work,
• apply paint best with printed tools - special brushes or foam sponges,
• use only clean and dry stencil,
• remove the stencil immediately after applying the paint, without waiting for it to dry.
Acrylic paint, which is used in decoupage, when applied with a brush, is able to lay down in accordance with its shape - thin relief strips. It is possible to avoid their appearance on the working surface provided that printed tools are used:
• Screen brush - round, voluminous, with a perfectly smooth pile, it is used to “drive” the paint. An important condition is a moderate amount of paint on it. Therefore, before starting work, you should tap it on the palette, lightly anoint on paper or a napkin, knock off excess paint.
• Foam sponge. You can find it not only on the virtual shelves of our store in the form of a brush with a handle, but also in the kitchen in the form of an ordinary sponge for washing dishes. She picks up the paint well and makes it stand out in small portions, due to which, when preliminary surplus is knocked down, the drawing is uniform and accurate.
• Foam roller. It is used mainly on large surfaces, and the severity of the pattern is directly related to the pressure and the amount of paint in it. To avoid bumps before work, it should be rolled several times on a sheet of paper.
Screen printing technology allows you to create attractive drawings, backgrounds and borders not only with paint, but also with other compositions. In our store you can purchase voluminous materials to complement your work with original relief motifs.
How and what to make a stencil for walls with your own hands
You can also decorate the surface with the help of stencils, and any pattern will be obtained - from the simplest to the very complex. It can be both single drawings and stripes, borders and friezes.
Ready-made stencils for applying patterns on the wall with your own hands can be purchased in a specialized store. They are ornamental stripes that are glued to the walls.
Stencils are very diverse, and everyone can choose a drawing to their liking. Motives can be combined to best decorate the interior of the room.
But there is also a simple way to make a stencil for walls with your own hands - so you get a unique ornament. What can a stencil for walls be made so that it does not deteriorate after the first use? This will require a transparent or translucent film. The drawing you like is transferred to the paper, enlarged if desired, and then redrawn onto the film. The holes in the drawing are cut using scissors, a clerical knife or a scalpel. Small items can be cut with a blade or nail scissors.
Thick paper or cardboard is also suitable for stencils. They are cut into strips of the desired size, a drawing is applied and a knife is cut along the contour. In order for such a stencil to serve for a long time and is not soaked by paint, it is covered with drying oil and dried.
A stencil can be made for a pattern consisting of several colors. In this case, a separate template is made for each shade.
To fill a pattern with a homemade stencil is easier for two.
Look at the photo of the stencils on the wall, made by yourself - each of them has its own unique pattern:
How to draw a pattern on the wall stencil?
A pattern or stencil is applied to an already painted substrate. It is recommended to use light colors for the background, in which case the image will look brighter and more spectacular.
As a basis, you can use a water-based emulsion and water-dispersion paint, and oil and acrylic paints are suitable for the screen pattern itself.
Before applying the stencil to the wall, you need to consider how the pattern will be placed on the wall. Corner marks are applied to the surface that correspond to the size of the stencil, or a horizontal line is drawn along which the stencil will be located. Before drawing on the stencil on the wall, it is glued to the surface with adhesive tape, and self-adhesive strips are attached to the wall with the adhesive side. The stencil should hold tight and not move, since it will be difficult to fix flaws.
Painting begins with large parts, for which you can use a foam roller. For a small picture, it is better to prepare a special screen brush. When using a brush, paint is applied with light strokes, picking it up a little so that drips do not form. The main thing is to ensure that the paint does not leak under the stencil.
After the drawing is applied, the stencil can be peeled off. If this is not done, it may stick to fresh paint or the edges of the picture will turn out to be uneven.
Ready-made stencils are usually used several times. Before using the stencil repeatedly, it must be thoroughly washed and dried.
The pattern may need to be changed around window frames and doors. To make it look harmonious, sometimes you have to reduce or increase the interval between the patterns.
If you use a home-made stencil, one of the partners presses the stencil, and the second puts paint on it with a handbrake. To make the picture even, the lines are pre-beaten with a deliberate cord. Special labels in the form of triangles are applied to the end sections of the stencil. When moving the stencil, they will play the role of a guide. Marks are combined with previously broken lines. When applying multicolor drawings, the same technique is used.
When painting, the handbrake is lowered into the paint and its surplus is squeezed so that the bristles are semi-dry. There should be enough paint to paint only one part, otherwise drips may form that will ruin all the work. Handbrake strokes are applied lightly, while the entire space of the stencil is filled with paint.
How to decorate a wall with a multicolor pattern using a stencil?
The following describes how to use a stencil to decorate a wall with several colors at once. When applying a multi-color pattern, not one, but several stencils are used and the following technique is used. First you need to apply the background paint and wait for it to dry completely. Then, in turn, various parts of the stencil are applied and stained with certain colors. Colors should not fall on each other. A slight overlap is allowed, which often looks ugly, so a combination of paints is pre-tried on plywood or a plasterboard. It is not necessary to transfer the entire drawing - just look at how the places of overlapping colors will look like.
The paint of each color is typed in with a separate brush. You can use one tool, but then it will have to be thoroughly cleaned every time. Do not start applying the next color until the previous one dries. If blank spots remain when applying the pattern through the stencil, they can be corrected separately using a thin brush.
If the stencil is planned to be used repeatedly (the pattern is repeated several times), it should be washed after every 2-3 paint applications.
If oil paint was used, a suitable solvent is taken for cleaning, and ordinary water is suitable for washing off with acrylic.
After the work is completed, the stencil is thoroughly washed and dried. If it has been stored for a long time, it must be cleaned of paint residues, dried and put under the load in expanded form.